Lalu, Yangliu in China

Joshua Project has identified the Lalu, Yangliu only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



Today, the Yangliu Lalu are different from the Xuzhang Lalu. The two groups possess different customs and cannot easily understand each other's language.


The Yangliu Lalu are believed to have migrated to their present location from Menghua (present-day Weishan and Nanjian counties) at different stages during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1911). They fled Menghua to escape the wars between the Laluo and the Han Chinese immigrants who flooded into the area. The Chinese seized the best land and forced the Laluo into the mountains, from where they launched military attacks and wrought revenge for their losses. Many Yi groups in Yunnan have had a long history of violence against their oppressors. Pressured by unfair taxes, they killed many Han landowners between 1847 and 1872: "Though pacified and forced to return the land, the Yi had put an end to the feudal system. Eventually some even bought land. In the traditional serf system, the land was divided among 42 families, each paying dues in kind, plus 15 days' service a year and building materials. They were not free to leave the village without permission. ... After the revolt, only rent was collected, not services. After revolt, the Chinese became absentee landlords and had difficulty in collecting rents, therefore they were eager to sell."


Yangliu Lalu homes are constructed of wood and customarily consist of three rooms. The central room serves as a kitchen and as a place for receiving guests and relatives. At the same time that other Yi groups in Yunnan celebrate the Torch Festival, "the Yangliu Lalu celebrate Girl's Day. All females return to the home of their mother and father for a time of rest."


Being animists and ancestor worshipers, the Yangliu Lalu believe that the soul of a dead person does not go to the next world but rather stays to roam the earth.


There are many Tibeto-Burmanspeaking Christians in Dehong Prefecture, especially among the Jingpo, Lashi, Maru, and Achang; however, these groups do not live in the vicinity of the Yangliu Lalu, most of whom have never heard the gospel. The Yangliu Lalu have never had a known church or fellowship in their midst.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Lalu, Yangliu (Lah-loo, Yung-leeooh)
People Name in Country Lalu, Yangliu
Population in China 48,000
World Population 48,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Lalu, Tujia, Tuli, Xiangtang
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Lalu, Yangliu (Lah-loo, Yung-leeooh)
Ethnic Code MSY50i
People ID 18536
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country With a population of more than 37,000, the Yangliu Lalu inhabit areas in the western part of Baoshan County (11,000), Shidian (11,000), Zhenkang (9,000), Longling (5,000), and Luxi (1,000) counties. All of these places are situated within the boundaries of the Dehong Dai Autonomous Prefecture in the western part of Yunnan Province. The Yangliu Lalu are the nearest Yi group to Myanmar in this part of Yunnan..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Lalu, Western (48,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Lalu, Western 48,000
For Primary Language: Lalu, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
96.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
4.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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