Iu Mien, Changping in China

Joshua Project has identified the Iu Mien, Changping only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



The Changping Iu Mien are one of four main Iu Mien language groups in China, all of which are included under the official Yao nationality.


The Iu Mien have been harassed by the Han Chinese almost continually for a thousand years. The Han have traditionally viewed the Iu Mien with utter contempt, despising everything about them that is characteristic. One nineteenth-century Chinese historian was moved so far as to write, "The Yao [Iu Mien] are stupid and violent in nature and they do not have any intercourse with the Chinese. The Chinese take advantage of their stupidity by wresting things from them by force, by stealing from them, and by raiding and insulting them. ... The Yao accumulate malice and hatred and then rebel, and events [tribal rebellions] have ever followed this course."


The Pan Hu Festival is the greatest occasion among the Iu Mien. People gather from far away to celebrate and honor their mythical progenitor. There are several different stories explaining the origins of this festival. One legend states that "during a hunting trip in the mountains, Pan Hu was knocked off a cliff by a wild goat and died as a result of his injuries. Overwhelmed by grief at his death, his Yao followers chopped down a catalpa tree and vengefully killed the goat, using its hide and the wood from the tree to make a drum which they played while mourning their leader." Another story relates that the descendants of Pan formed twelve tribes which were driven from their homeland by the Chinese. During the course of their escape they were trapped in a storm at sea. "For seven days and nights they burned joss sticks and prayed to Pan Hu to deliver them from danger until, finally, they managed to reach land. To express their gratitude to their ancestral hero for his intervention ... they started to hold a commemorative festival on a certain date."


Although the Iu Mien do not consider their worship and honor of Pan Hu a religion, there is no doubt that it constitutes the main spiritual aspect of their lives. Spirit priests are employed to offer sacrifices to Pan and to intercede on behalf of the people. At times during the Pan Hu Festival, people are known to enter into a demonic frenzy as the focus of their energies reach a climax.


The Changping Iu Mien are a people in desperate need of the liberating gospel of Jesus Christ. With few confirmed Christians among the entire 800,000 Iu Mien population in China, few workers are available to take the gospel to the Changping Iu Mien in their language.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Iu Mien, Changping (Yoo-Mee-en, Chung-ping)
People Name in Country Iu Mien, Changping
Population in China 29,000
World Population 29,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Mien, Changping, Pan Yao
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Yao-Mien
People Name General Iu Mien, Changping (Yoo-Mee-en, Chung-ping)
Ethnic Code MSY47b
People ID 18504
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 25,000 Changping Iu Mien live in northeast Guangxi, in Mengshan, Zhaoping, Pingle, and Lipu counties..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Iu Mien (29,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Iu Mien 29,000
For Primary Language: Iu Mien

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1932-1996)
New Testament Yes   (1975-1991)
Complete Bible Yes   (2008)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mien Bible (Lao Script) Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mien Bible (New Roman Script) Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mien Bible (Old Roman Script Script) Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mien Bible (Thai Script) Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Iu Mien Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
95.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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