Hmong Dlex Nchab in China

Joshua Project has identified the Hmong Dlex Nchab only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language


The Miao

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

The Chinese call this group Qingshui Miao, meaning "clear water" Miao. This name corresponds to their autonym, Hmong Dlex Nchab (Clear Water Hmong). They also call themselves Black Hmong, but they are not the same group as the local Black Hmong (Hmong Bua) living in the same area.


Historically, the Chinese have viewed the Hmong with contempt, believing them to be "uncivilized barbarians." Visitors to the minority peoples of China, however, have generally found them an extremely warm and hospitable people, often more than the Han Chinese themselves. Father De Mailla's comments on the tribes of Taiwan in the early 1700s still stand true for many of the minorities in China today. De Mailla wrote, "Savages though they may be according to the maxims of the Chinese world, I believe them to be nearer to the true philosophy than a great number of the most celebrated Chinese sages. One never sees among them, even upon Christian testimony, either cheating or quarreling, or robbery or litigation. ... Their dealings are equitable, and they are attached to each other ... they are circumspect in their words, and upright and pure in heart."


The Hmong Dlex Nchab join with other ethnic groups in the area to celebrate several major festivals each year, including the Chinese New Year and Spring festivals.


Most Hmong Dlex Nchab are polytheistic animists. Despite their fear of the spirit world, no Hmong in China are idolaters in the true sense of the word. They worship no idols or images in their rituals.


Generations of Hmong Dlex Nchab have perished without receiving news of the sacrifice of Christ for their sins. The Jinping area is tightly controlled by the Chinese authorities. In 1994, in response to thousands of Hmong Daw coming to Christ through radio broadcasts, the local police arrested 18 church leaders, beat local Christians, and destroyed numerous Bibles and much Christian literature.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Hmong Dlex Nchab (Hmong-Dley-Ncha)
People Name in Country Hmong Dlex Nchab
Population in China 21,000
World Population 21,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Black Hmong, Clear-Water Hmong, Clear-Water Miao, Hmong Dlob, Qingshui Miao
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Miao / Hmong
People Name General Hmong Dlex Nchab (Hmong-Dley-Ncha)
Ethnic Code MSY47a
People ID 18492
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Linguist Michael Johnson listed a figure of 15,000 members of the Hmong Dlex Nchab ethnic group. They live in and around Tongchang Township in Jinping County - the only place they are found in China. Jinping is located in the southern part of Yunnan Province close to China's border with Vietnam. There are a total of 80,000 Miao in Jinping County. The largest group is the Hmong Leng, followed by the Hmong Bua and the Hmong Daw. There are also a small number of Hmong Shuad in the area..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hmong Daw (21,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hmong Daw 21,000
For Primary Language: Hmong Daw

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1922-1984)
New Testament Yes   (1975-1984)
Complete Bible Yes   (2000)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: The Holy Bible - White Hmong Standard Version (2004) Text / Printed Matter
God's Story Video Film / Video
Got Questions Ministry General
Jesus Film: view in Hmong Daw Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
95.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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