Han Chinese, Hui'an in China

Joshua Project has identified the Han Chinese, Hui'an only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



Although the Hui'an Chinese officially belong to the Han nationality, many aspects of their culture are unique among the peoples of China. Visitors coming to Hui'an for the first time often mistake these women for members of a minority nationality. There is some justification for this. Recently, a scholar inferred from their butterfly ornaments and unique customs that they must be a branch of the ancient Yue tribe, the butterfly being the tribe insignia of the Yue. It also seems likely that the customs of tattooing and wrapping their teeth in gold are inherited from the Yue people."


The Hui'an region was historically inhabited by thousands of merchants from around the world. The elaborate dress of the Hui'an women dates back to the Song Dynasty (960-1279), "when one Li Wenhui, a court official, made a proposal of marriage to a village girl. Notwithstanding her objections, the ceremony went ahead, with the girl bound hand and foot. When the time came for her own daughter to wed, she dressed her in clothes symbolic of her own unhappy marriage. The short loose blouse revealing the midriff represents her dishevelment, the embroidered squares resemble patches and the bands of pattern on sleeve and trouser equate to the rope which bound her."


For centuries the Hui'an have considered baby girls inferior to boys. They customarily killed girls by drowning them at birth. The Hui'an have a reputation as cunning businessmen. A local expression states the Hui'an will "rob you and then tie you up."


The majority of Hui'an Chinese are Daoists. Ancestor worship also plays an important role in their lives and beliefs.


There are several Catholic, Three-Self, and house churches among the Hui'an Chinese. Although Fujian has one of the largest Christian populations in China, the Hui'an have generally proven more resistant to the gospel than the several other Chinese groups throughout the province.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Han Chinese, Hui'an (Hway-ahn)
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Hui'an
Population in China 178,000
World Population 178,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Hui'an
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Hui'an (Hway-ahn)
Ethnic Code MSY42a
People ID 18475
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The majority of the 150,000 Hui'an Chinese live on China's east coast, near the town of Chongwu in Hui'an County. Others are located farther along the Fujian coastline of the Taiwan Strait. One visitor reported, "In the town of Hui'an itself, which is some way inland, one can certainly see these women, but they are more widely scattered. We therefore headed for the Xiaozuo and Dazuo Peninsulas, as here they can be seen in greater concentrations and, as these places are more remote, there is less deviation from the traditional style of dress." Hui'an Chinese are found in larger numbers outside of China. Hui'an Associations exist in the nations of Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, Myanmar, and Canada..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Min Dong (178,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Min Dong 178,000
For Primary Language: Chinese, Min Dong

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1852)
New Testament Yes   (1856)
Complete Bible Yes   (1884-1905)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版) Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Dong Film / Video
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
20.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 4.20 %)
5.00 %
Ethnic Religions
40.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
35.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
86.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
2.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
12.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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