Han Chinese, Hui'an in China

Joshua Project has identified the Han Chinese, Hui'an only in China

Population

177,000

Christian

5.0%

Evangelical

4.2%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

Although the Hui'an Chinese officially belong to the Han nationality, many aspects of their culture are unique among the peoples of China. Visitors coming to Hui'an for the first time often mistake these women for members of a minority nationality. There is some justification for this. Recently, a scholar inferred from their butterfly ornaments and unique customs that they must be a branch of the ancient Yue tribe, the butterfly being the tribe insignia of the Yue. It also seems likely that the customs of tattooing and wrapping their teeth in gold are inherited from the Yue people."


History

The Hui'an region was historically inhabited by thousands of merchants from around the world. The elaborate dress of the Hui'an women dates back to the Song Dynasty (960-1279), "when one Li Wenhui, a court official, made a proposal of marriage to a village girl. Notwithstanding her objections, the ceremony went ahead, with the girl bound hand and foot. When the time came for her own daughter to wed, she dressed her in clothes symbolic of her own unhappy marriage. The short loose blouse revealing the midriff represents her dishevelment, the embroidered squares resemble patches and the bands of pattern on sleeve and trouser equate to the rope which bound her."


Customs

For centuries the Hui'an have considered baby girls inferior to boys. They customarily killed girls by drowning them at birth. The Hui'an have a reputation as cunning businessmen. A local expression states the Hui'an will "rob you and then tie you up."


Religion

The majority of Hui'an Chinese are Daoists. Ancestor worship also plays an important role in their lives and beliefs.


Christianity

There are several Catholic, Three-Self, and house churches among the Hui'an Chinese. Although Fujian has one of the largest Christian populations in China, the Hui'an have generally proven more resistant to the gospel than the several other Chinese groups throughout the province.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Han Chinese, Hui'an
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Hui'an
Population in China 177,000
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Hui'an
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Hui'an
Ethnic Code MSY42a
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country The majority of the 150,000 Hui'an Chinese live on China's east coast, near the town of Chongwu in Hui'an County. Others are located farther along the Fujian coastline of the Taiwan Strait. One visitor reported, "In the town of Hui'an itself, which is some way inland, one can certainly see these women, but they are more widely scattered. We therefore headed for the Xiaozuo and Dazuo Peninsulas, as here they can be seen in greater concentrations and, as these places are more remote, there is less deviation from the traditional style of dress." Hui'an Chinese are found in larger numbers outside of China. Hui'an Associations exist in the nations of Singapore, Malaysia, Philippines, Myanmar, and Canada.
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Min Dong 177,000
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Min Dong 177,000
Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
20.00%
Christianity
5%    ( Evangelical  4.2% )
Ethnic Religions
40.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
35.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
86.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
2.00%
Roman Catholic
12.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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