Hakka, Hainan Island in China

Joshua Project has identified the Hakka, Hainan Island only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



Although considered part of the Han Chinese nationality, the Hakka on Hainan Island speak their own unique language that is unintelligible to speakers of Hainanese Chinese. It is also reported to be distinct from other Hakka varieties in China.


It is believed that Hakka communities first migrated to Hainan Island in the aftermath of the Hakka- Cantonese wars in the 1860s. The Hakka were encouraged to migrate to vacant areas by the government. After the Songtao Reservoir was constructed in the 1970s, the Hakka moved to its northern bank and built new communities. Before that time they had lived scattered across various parts of Hainan. "There is evidence that almost as early as 900 AD, wandering farm laborers came by the north and northeastern routes out of Fujian and southern Jiangxi into Guangdong to work for the indolent natives. A census taken of the population of Moichu in the year 976 AD lists 367 such 'guests' and 1,210 'native' residents. A hundred years later the census shows the number of Hakka to have increased to 6,558, while the natives numbered 5,824."


Some believe the Hakka to have originally been a cross between Chinese soldiers and Ikia women. "They adopted most of the Chinese customs, mingled with the natives, and being bold and enterprising, succeeded in supplanting them."


The Hakka of Hainan Island practice traditional Chinese religions, especially Daoism and elements of Buddhism. Most of the younger generation are atheists.


Without a church or a gospel witness, the Hakka of Hainan Island are a relatively untouched people group. In recent years a powerful churchplanting movement among the Hainanese has resulted in more than 550 house churches being formed throughout the island, but this movement has yet to spread to the area inhabited by the Hakka. The Hakka Jesus film and Hakka gospel broadcasts are available, but the Hakka on Hainan Island cannot understand them. Because their language is distinct, the Hakka Bible is also of no practical use to them.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Hakka, Hainan Island (Hah-kah)
People Name in Country Hakka, Hainan Island
Population in China 2,400
World Population 2,400
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Hakka, Hainan Island (Hah-kah)
Ethnic Code MSY42a
People ID 18472
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The Hakka of Hainan Island - who speak a language unintelligible with the Hakka on the Chinese Mainland - total approximately 2,000 people in four villages. They live near the man-made Songtao Reservoir in Danzhao County, in the northwestern part of Hainan Island. Hainan was considered part of Guangdong Province until 1988, when it was granted status as a separate province..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Hakka (2,400)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Hakka 2,400
For Primary Language: Chinese, Hakka

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1860-1995)
New Testament Yes   (1883-1993)
Complete Bible Yes   (1916)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版) Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Hakka Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Online Scripture (Talking Bibles) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
15.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
45.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
40.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: David Schroeter   Creative Commons  
Map Source: World Factbook / Joshua Project  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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