Doupo in China

Joshua Project has identified the Doupo only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



The Doupo appear to have once been the same ethnic and language group as the 6,000 Depo who live in northern Yunnan and southern Sichuan, but since migrating away from the Depo they have developed a slightly different name and identity. Today, they do not consider themselves to be the same as the Depo. Both the Doupo and the Depo have been officially counted as part of the Yi nationality in China.


Claiming to have lived in Yunnan Province for only a short time, the Doupo say they migrated to their present location from southern Sichuan Province in 1965. They say that they could not tolerate their lives in Sichuan because of the continual robbing and looting they suffered at the hands of other nationalities there. For centuries the Doupo were enslaved by the Eastern Nasu. Only in the late 1950s did the Communist authorities finally succeed in causing the downfall of the slave system.


The Doupo are a downtrodden tribe with low self-esteem. After centuries of being oppressed and harassed, a segment of this group finally found the courage to move away from their former masters and start a new life.


Although many of the younger generation of Doupo do not consider themselves religious, most Doupo over the age of 50 are careful to observe the ways of their ancestors, which consist of ancestor worship and a complex system of spirit worship. Spirits of the water, forest, mountains, and sky are worshiped. In the past the Doupo relied on hunting and appeased the god of the Hunt. To show their reverence, they would take the bones from all the animals they had killed and bury them in a "sacred hole" in the forest. The hunter would then drop to his knees and pray to the god of Hunting for blessing and a rich supply of game. This ritual is no longer practiced by the Doupo.


Although there are a number of Christians among the closely related Depo of northern Yunnan, there are no known believers among the two Doupo villages near Kunming. In 1997 Wuding County reported a total of 22,341 Christians, of which 6,218 were "Yi." The county also reported 61 government-sanctioned churches or meeting places, along with Christians in 117 of the county's 127 communities. Despite these impressive figures in Wuding, the Depo living in southern Sichuan have experienced a far lesser level of evangelization. It is from southern Sichuan that the Doupo migrated in 1965.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Doupo (Dow-po)
People Name in Country Doupo
Population in China 800
World Population 800
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Huang Yi, Nisupo, Yellow Yi
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Doupo (Dow-po)
Ethnic Code MSY50i
People ID 18445
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 600 Doupo people live in Yunnan Province in southwest China, west of Kunming City. About 400 live in the Mafang Village of Fumin County, while an additional 200 live in the Guanshanchang Village of Qinglong District in Anning County..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Nuosu (800)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Nuosu 800
For Primary Language: Nuosu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament Yes   (2005)
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Nuosu Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
80.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
20.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.