Tanti, Hindu traditions in Nepal






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Tanti people are found across the northeastern portion of India. The greatest concentration is believed to be in the province of Bihar. There are also some to the west in Uttar Pradesh, and east in West Bengal, as well as Bangladesh. Finally, they have also been documented south into Orissa. They tend to live in villages outside of major metropolitan areas. They are slightly less concentrated than some groups because their designation started with their occupation rather than a particular tribe or group. They tend to be mixed with other lower caste groups that are also spread throughout the region. This makes it difficult to identify any one area as specifically "tanti". There are, however, villages that have been found to be primarily Tanti scattered throughout the areas mentioned, again with concentrations occurring mostly in Bihar.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Tanti are said to have originated as the weavers, providers of cloth, back in history as far as ancient Bengal. They were known for great skill in weaving and the ability to produce both fine linens as well as more common everyday fabrics. Not too long ago, virtually every home would have had a loom and cloth present. Today, much of their trade has been taken over by factory production and imported goods. Many are now doing subsistence level work either of weaving or other manual labor within villages. They often do not have clean water or steady food supply.

In relation to the rest of India they are seen as being part of the backward castes or the scheduled classes ("Dalit"). Evidence has been seen of both designations. Regardless of which is exactly right, they are definitely considered among the lower castes of India. They are also near the bottom of the nation economically. A few have moved into cities and achieved an education and greater roles in society. This is still, however, limited to a small percentage of the overall people group.

What Are Their Beliefs?

In terms of beliefs, the majority of Tantis are Hindu. Many are born into Hinduism and like others in India believe that to be who they are as a people means to be Hindu. There is also a sizable portion who are Muslim and this number continues to grow. One difficulty with this group, as with others in India, is to separate the cultural identity from the religious beliefs. As they understand that they can be Indian and Tanti, without being Hindu, it will ease the introduction and acceptance of the Gospel.

What Are Their Needs?

They have a great need for clean water help with sanitation issues. Since so much of this group is found in rural India, they do not have ready access either to sanitation or medical facilities. Some groups are trying to help this situation by providing funds for water wells.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Tanti, Hindu traditions
People Name in Country Tanti, Hindu traditions
Population in Nepal 104,000
World Population 4,898,000
Countries 4
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Asan, Bansi, Bansi-Tanti, Chaupal, Choupal, Cuttack Tanti, Ganesh, Hansi, Hansi Tanti, Hansia, Kalahari, Kondria, Pan, Pan Tanti, Saibasia, Sambalpuri, Sambalpuria, Sawasi, Sowasi, Swati, Tanti, Tantripal, Tantubai, Tantubaya, Tantuwal, Tatma, Tatoya, Tattama, Tattawa, Tatwa, Tonti, Totla
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Name General Tanti, Hindu traditions
Ethnic Code CNN25c
People ID 18217
Country Nepal
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Total States on file:  10  (up to 20 largest shown)
Janakpur (45,000) Narayani (30,000) Sagarmatha (23,000) Kosi (4,500)
Mechi (500) Bagmati (400) Seti (200) Lumbini (100)
Bheri (100) Gandaki (40)
Total States on file:  10  (up to 20 largest shown)
Janakpur (45,000) Narayani (30,000)
Sagarmatha (23,000) Kosi (4,500)
Mechi (500) Bagmati (400)
Seti (200) Lumbini (100)
Bheri (100) Gandaki (40)
Languages & Dialects on file:  8  (up to 20 largest shown)
Maithili (93,000) Bhojpuri (9,900) Nepali (900) Magahi (500)
Bengali (300) Angika (300) Rajbanshi (20) Hindi
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Maithili 93,000 Bhojpuri 9,900
Nepali 900 Magahi 500
Bengali 300 Angika 300
Rajbanshi 20 Hindi
For Primary Language: Maithili

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament Yes   (2010)
Complete Bible No
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible: jivən səndesh Text / Printed Matter
God's Story Video Film / Video
Got Questions Ministry General
Jesus Film: view in Maithili Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online Bible (Bibles India) Text / Printed Matter
Online Bible text (Scripture Earth) Text / Printed Matter
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Oral Bible stories in Maithili Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project) Film / Video
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.19 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.15 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
99.66 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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