Tsakhur in Azerbaijan






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

These lines from Song of Solomon could be the words of a Tsakhur person:

"Do not stare at me because I am dark-complected; for the sun has burned me... They made me caretaker of the vineyards, but I have not taken care of my own vineyard."

The Tsakhur are a proud mountain people, living in 13 villages in the high mountains of southern Dagestan in Russia and in 23 villages/towns across the border in northwestern Azerbaijan—at least 50,000 total population. To the Russians and Azerbaijanis, the Tsakhurs are "the wild mountain ones, primitive, with dark features." And in the southern reaches of Tsakhur territory, they do tend vineyards, although sheepherding and working with wool have been the primary economic feature of Tsakhur village life.

Prior to 1850, for centuries the Tsakhur were ruled by their own Tsakhur sultanate. And the Tsakhur are famous for their proverbs and love of wisdom. Tsakhur history is a rich tapestry of rugged beauty and communal identity, but one also beset with tragedy and a lack of grace. Islam gained ascendancy in the Tsakhur world a millenium ago, and at the present moment there are no known Tsakhurs who are infused with the grace of Jesus and His life-transforming Spirit. "I have not taken care of my own vineyard..."

Prayer Points

* Pray for bridges of respect and friendship from bearers of the gospel of Jesus to expand in the Tsakhur world.
* Pray for wide listening of an oral recording of the Gospel of Luke in Tsakhur finished in 2008, and for effective distribution of a brilliant audio version (2013) of the Book of Proverbs in Tsakhur.
* Pray that in this decade many Tsakhur will be infused with Jesus' grace and the Fruit of the Spirit—Galatians 5:22-23.

Profile Source:   provided by NCRP  

Expanded PDF Profile

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-03-29
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-11-19
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-03-06
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-09-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-03-25
People Name General Tsakhur
People Name in Country Tsakhur
Population in Azerbaijan 18,000
World Population 30,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Caxur
Affinity Bloc Eurasian Peoples
People Cluster Caucasus
People Name General Tsakhur
Ethnic Code CEW17b
People ID 15587
Country Azerbaijan
Region Central Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 46  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Northwest.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tsakhur (18,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tsakhur 18,000
For Primary Language: Tsakhur

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (2003-2007)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Subdivision: Sunni

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.03 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
99.97 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
100.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source: provided by NCRP  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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