Vietnamese in Cambodia



Population

84,100

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Introduction / History

The Vietnamese come to Cambodia for many reasons. Some have lived here for generations. Vietnamese began migrating to Cambodia as early as the seventeenth century. In 1863, when Cambodia became a French colony, many Vietnamese were brought to Cambodia by the French to work on plantations and occupy civil servant positions. During the Lon Nol Regime (1970-1975) and Pol Pot regime (1975-1979), many of the Vietnamese living in Cambodia were killed. Others were either repatriated or escaped to Vietnam or Thailand. During the ten year Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia from 1979 until 1989 many of the Vietnamese who had previously lived in Cambodia returned. Along with them came friends and relatives. Also, many former South Vietnamese soldiers came to Cambodia fleeing persecution from the communist government. Today, due to the high unemployment rate in Vietnam, many Vietnamese come to Cambodia looking for work.


What are Their Lives Like?

While many Vietnamese come to Cambodia looking for a better life, few find it. Due to Vietnam's ten year occupation of Cambodia, most Cambodians harbor a deep distrust and dislike of the Vietnamese. Most Vietnamese in Cambodia live in poverty with inadequate food and housing and no access to clean water. Many are without land, living in floating villages on the lake or rivers. They earn their living as fishermen, sellers and laborers. Diseases such as tuberculosis and AIDS are spreading among the people. They have limited access to medical care and educational systems. However, there is a growing number of middle-class Vietnamese. They own restaurants, computer shops, beauty salons or other small businesses. Most Vietnamese maintain their own language, culture and traditions, with little integration into Khmer culture.


What are Their Beliefs?

If asked, a majority of Vietnamese would claim to be Buddhist. However, though most Vietnamese would identify themselves as Buddhist, they are unfamiliar with the teachings and practices of Buddhism. The Vietnamese follow Mahayana Buddhism, not the Theravada Buddhism of Cambodian. The more important religious practices of the Vietnamese center around ancestor worship and animism. Food and beverage are regularly offered to deceased relatives and other spirits. On special holidays, paper votives representing money and gold are burned and sent to the deceased ancestors. It is their belief that these spirits have the ability to influence the lives of the living, so they must be appeased. They live in constant fear that an unappeased spirit will bring misfortune upon them and their families.


What are Their Needs?

The majority of the Vietnamese of Cambodia live in extreme poverty. They lack clean water, sanitation facilities, schools, basic health care and jobs. Many Vietnamese are considered stateless, nor recognized as citizens of either Cambodia or Vietnam. But their greatest need is the joy and hope that comes in knowing Christ. Many of the Vietnamese have never heard the name of Jesus. Pray that God will send harvesters to this field and open doors to the Gospel among the Vietnamese of Cambodia.



Profile Source:   Cambodia Research Network. Click to email CRN inquires and corrections  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Vietnamese (Vee-et-nahm-ees)
People Name in Country Vietnamese
Population in Cambodia 84,000
World Population 82,178,000
Countries 33
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Annamese, Annanese, Ching, Cing, Gin, Jhing, Jing, King, Kinh, Kinh (Việt), Viet
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Vietnamese
People Name General Vietnamese (Vee-et-nahm-ees)
Ethnic Code MSY52b
People ID 12700
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Vietnamese (84,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Vietnamese 84,000
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1890-1989)
New Testament Yes   (1914-2011)
Complete Bible Yes   (1916-1994)
Audio Bible Online
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (Global Recordings Network)
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Vietnamese
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bible: 1934 Vietnamese Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Revised Vietnamese Version Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
60.60 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 2.00 %)
8.40 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
1.00 %
Non-Religious
19.00 %
Other / Small
11.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
40.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
2.0 %
Protestant
23.0 %
Roman Catholic
35.0 %
Photo Source: Henk Sebregts   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Cambodia Research Network. Click to email CRN inquires and corrections   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Cambodia Research Network. Click to email CRN inquires and corrections  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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