Han Chinese, Mandarin in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Han Chinese are one of the 56 official nationalities of China. The name China stems from the Qin (Chin) Dynasty of 221-207 BC. The Chinese call their country Zhongguo, "The Middle Kingdom."


The Wei Dynasty (AD 220-280): After the collapse of the Han Dynasty, China fell into almost 400 years of crippling war and internal conflict. The country was divided into three kingdoms. The Wei ruled areas north of the Yangtze.


The Chinese have invented numerous items throughout their long history, including paper and gunpowder.


The Chinese have been most influenced by Buddhism, Daoism, and Confucianism throughout their history, but since the advent of Communism in 1949 most Chinese could be accurately described as nonreligious.


Christianity first made an impact on China in AD 635, when Nestorian Bishop Alopen arrived in China. "Bishop Alopen of the Kingdom of Ta'chin, bringing with him the sutras and images, has come from afar and presented them at our Capital. Having carefully examined the scope of his teaching, we find it to be mysteriously spiritual, and of silent operation. Having observed its principal and most essential points, we reached the conclusion that they cover all that is most important in life. This Teaching is helpful to all creatures and beneficial to all men. So let it have free course throughout the Empire."

By 638 the first church was built in Chang'an, and 21 Persian monks had commenced work in China. By the time missionaries were expelled from China in the 1950s, it is generally agreed there were no more than 750,000 Chinese Protestants across the nation. Since that time, China has experienced one of the greatest revivals in church history, with some eastern provinces experiencing continual growth for more than 30 years. Despite these great developments, hundreds of millions of Han Chinese today have yet to hear the name of Christ. A very wide range of estimates exist for the number of Christians in China today, from a lowest figure of 13.7 million, to widely used but unsupported figures of 90 to 110 million. We believe there are between 40 and 50 million Mandarin speaking Chinese believers in China today.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-07-02
Video Links:
The Path to Truth and Life
People Name General Han Chinese, Mandarin
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Mandarin
Population in China 844,876,000
World Population 859,982,000
Countries 65
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Beijinghua, Cantonese, Chinese, Chinese, Mandarin, Guanhua, Guoyu, Han Chinese, Hoa (Hán), Hoton, Huizui, Kreol, Pei, Potinhua, Qotong, Shanghainese, Totok, Yueh
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Mandarin
Ethnic Code MSY42a
People ID 12051
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The Han Chinese are the largest ethnic group on earth, and Mandarin is the world's most widely spoken language. More than 780 million Chinese speak Mandarin - known as Putonghua meaning "the common speech" - as their mother tongue. Mandarin-speaking Chinese are found all over China but are mostly concentrated in the northern and eastern provinces. Beijing is the unofficial "home" of Mandarin, and the Beijing dialect is the standard used for media and education. Millions of Mandarin speakers are also found in numerous countries around the world..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.

Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Mandarin (844,876,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin 844,876,000
For Primary Language: Chinese, Mandarin

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1864-1986)
New Testament Yes   (1857-1981)
Complete Bible Yes   (1874-1983)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Gateway Scripture Text / Printed Matter
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版) Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Cartoon Gospel tract Text / Printed Matter
Chinese Blog about Unreached Peoples General
Christ for the Nations Audio Recordings
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
General Ministry Resources Film / Video
Primary Religion: Non-Religious

Major Religion Percent
10.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 6.90 %)
8.60 %
Ethnic Religions
27.06 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
54.34 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
92.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
1.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
7.0 %
Photo Source: Cadfael1979   Creative Commons  
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.