Kanuri, Bilma in Niger

Joshua Project has identified the Kanuri, Bilma only in Niger





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Bilma Kanuri inhabit the oasis town of Bilma and some of the other oases in the Djado plateau of the Sahara Desert. They cultivate date palms in the oases, and also use a method of evaporation to produce salt from saline fields in the area that they mold into oblong "loaves" for easy transport. The town of Bilma finds its greatest importance because of its location which is important as a crossroads for two major trans-Saharan trade routes which have been used by merchants, pilgrims and bandits for centuries. Tuareg traders crossing the Sahara in a westeast direction come from the city of Agadez with large camel caravans to trade dried meat, cloth and other goods for the dates and salt of Bilma. Each Bilma Kanuri family "adopts" a specific trader, cultivating a friendly relationship with him, and even placing orders for goods from year to year. The north-south trade route still connects the metropolis of Maïduguri, Nigeria, with the Libyan and Tunisian coast.

Though the Bilma Kanuri are the majority in the oasis towns, they have regular dealings with the Teda nomads in the area, as well as with the Tuareg, Hausa and Arab traders. Formal education is not very important to the Bilma Kanuri; few children attend school. Those students who desire higher learning, must travel across the desert to unfamiliar surroundings in order to attend grades 7 through 12.

The identity of the Kanuri is firmly intertwined with Islamic beliefs and practices. Authority is first of all with God, then with the father of the family. Supreme loyalty and respect is given to the father of the family at all times. The harsh environment surrounding the Bilma Kanuri has made the families into tightly knit units who have close dealings with each other, but limit their contacts with strangers. As far as it is possible to know, the Bilma Kanuri have never heard the Good News of Jesus Christ from any source.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Kanuri, Bilma
People Name in Country Kanuri, Bilma
Population in Niger 32,000
World Population 32,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names
Affinity Bloc Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster Kanuri-Saharan
People Name General Kanuri, Bilma
Ethnic Code NAB61
People ID 19550
Country Niger
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Northeast, Kawar region.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Kanuri, Bilma (32,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Kanuri, Bilma 32,000
For Primary Language: Kanuri, Bilma

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 2.40 %)
2.40 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
97.60 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
35.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
20.0 %
20.0 %
Roman Catholic
25.0 %
Photo Source: International Mission Board-SBC   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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