Tatar, Khakass, Yenisei in Kazakhstan

Population

390

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Identity

Although the Chinese officially consider the Khakas to be a part of the Kirgiz nationality, their languages and culture "differ considerably." In Russia the Khakas are a collection of the five nomadic Turkic-speaking tribes of Kacha, Kyzyl, Sagai, Beltir, and Koibal.


History

During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) the Kirgiz fought with the Oirats. When the latter were defeated by the Eastern Mongols, most Kirgiz tribes moved to the Tianshan Range in Xinjiang where they still live today. A few Kirgiz remained in their homeland on the upper Yenisei River in today's Russia. Others lived just south of there, in the Altai Mountain range, as late as the eighteenth century. "When the Qing forces defeated the Jungars in the 1750s, they removed these Kirgiz [Khakas] to China's northeast. The first group moved there in 1758 and a second group followed them in 1761 from the Altai and Kang'ai mountain ranges. These two groups form the core of today's Kirgiz [Khakas] in Heilongjiang."


Customs

Most Khakas no longer practise their own customs. They have adapted to Chinese culture and before long will probably cease to be a distinct people.


Religion

Unlike the Kirgiz, there are no Muslims among the Khakas. They were converted to Tibetan Buddhism by their Mongol neighbors. "Until the 1950s you could still find shamans, called Gam in the Khakas villages." Today the Khakas are rapidly becoming a secularized group. Few of the present generation of Khakas youth have any interest in religion.


Christianity

There has never been a single known believer among the Khakas in China. Their relatives in Russia are also an unreached people who follow animistic practices.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Tatar, Khakass, Yenisei
People Name in Country Tatar, Khakass, Yenisei
Population in Kazakhstan 390
World Population 73,000
Countries 5
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Khakass, Yenisei Tatar
Affinity Bloc Turkic Peoples
People Cluster Ural-Siberian
People Name General Tatar, Khakass, Yenisei
Ethnic Code MSY41z
Country Kazakhstan
Region Central Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 39  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution rankinging, )

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Khakas (400)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Khakas 400
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1995-2008)
New Testament Yes   (2009)
Complete Bible No
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Online scripture / Portions
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Khakas

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.00 %)
55.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
45.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
100.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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