Sogwo Arig in China

Joshua Project has identified the Sogwo Arig only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language


The Amdo Tibetans

Source Asia Harvest


The Sogwo Arig are a Mongolian tribe living in the midst of countless small Tibetan clans in one of the most remote locations in the world. Over the course of many centuries, the Sogwo Arig language and culture have gradually assimilated to the Tibetan. Still today, however, Tibetans in the area know the Sogwo Arig are of Mongol ancestry and view them as a separate people.


The Sogwo Arig claim to have been the Mongol rulers of Hunan Province. This fact was discovered by a surprised French explorer in 1906, when the Sogwo Arig prince signed a letter with the title of "King of Hunan." Vicomte d'Ollone explains, "When the Mongols were expelled from China, the dynasty of the kings of Ho-Nan [Hunan] - kings without a kingdom - retired to their steppes; and when in their turn the Manchus seized the empire [1644] they utilized the Mongols for the purpose of holding the Tibetans in check, for which reason a horde was sent to establish itself in this region." The Sogwo Arig continued to have a succession of kings until the 1950s, when the Communist authorities stripped the Sogwo Arig royal family of its authority, at least as far as appearances are concerned.


Today one of the few remaining Sogwo Arig cultural features is their Mongolian style of yurt. Sogwo Arig men will not leave their homes without being armed with their rifle. When they go on hunting expeditions, they take wooden tripods for resting their weapons on when firing.


All Sogwo Arig are followers of either Tibetan Buddhism or Bon. They worship at crude sacrificial altars, constructed of yak dung piled about three feet high, upon which they regularly offer animal sacrifices to various gods and demons.


Hidden away in communities virtually inaccessible to the outside world, the Sogwo Arig are untouched by Christianity. Intrepid evangelists will need to overcome severe weather, rugged terrain, linguistic and cultural barriers, and fierce packs of dogs which the Sogwo Arig have trained to attack strangers.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-19
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-07-22
People Name General Sogwo Arig (Sog-wo-Ah-rig)
People Name in Country Sogwo Arig
Population in China 48,000
World Population 48,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Alike, A-li-k'oa, Arig Tibetan, Sogwo Arik, Sohkwo, Sokwo Arik, Tatze
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mongolian
People Name General Sogwo Arig (Sog-wo-Ah-rig)
Ethnic Code MSY41y
People ID 18683
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Approximately 37,000 members of the Sogwo Arig tribe live in Tsanggar Gonpa, a district within Tongde County in the Hainan Golog Prefecture; and in parts of neighboring He'nan County. Tongde lies to the east of the Yellow River in Qinghai Province. The Qinghai Plateau - at a minimum elevation of 3,500 meters (11,500 ft.) above sea level - is snowbound nine months of the year, and turns into a muddy bog the other three months. The area is home to the Darakar Tredzong (White Monkey Fortress), considered one of the three most sacred sites in all of the Amdo Tibetan areas..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Tibetan, Amdo (48,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Tibetan, Amdo 48,000

For Main Lanugage: Tibetan, Amdo

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Portions
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Central Tibetan Language Film
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tibetan, Amdo
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Subdivision: Tibetan

Major Religion Percent
97.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
3.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Bryan Nicholson / cartoMission  
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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