Qiang, Sanlong in China

Joshua Project has identified the Qiang, Sanlong only in China

Population

24,100

Christian

0.00%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


The Qiang

Source Asia Harvest                                                Download

Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Sanlong Qiang are part of China's official Qiang nationality. Overall, the Qiang have one of the lowest education levels of any minority group. Only 34% of Qiang children attend primary school. From there the number declines to the 0.1% who attend university.

The overall rate of literacy among the Qiang is 51%. Since the 1950s, the government has put in place an experimental program for primary school-age children (grades 1-3), to learn the Qiang language, with a standardized pinyin script. The writing system uses the Roman alphabet to convey about fifty different plain initial consonants. There is only about 55% shared vocabulary between the Northern and Southern Qiang varieties.


History

Today's Maoxian County was historically near the edge of Tibetan territory until the Chinese took control of western Sichuan in the 1700s.


Customs

Qiang women's clothing differs from men's in that the collar, cuffs, sash, and shoes are often cross-stitched with circles, triangles, and other designs. They are also decorated with a row of small silver plum-flower designs. The embroidered designs are mostly drawn from nature, depicting flowers and grass, deer, lions, rabbits, and human figures. Women like to wear especially large silver earrings, hairpins and finger rings, and silver and jade pins, among other decorations. At their waists women wear a silver sewing box, while men wear a silver tobacco box.


Religion

During the Qiang's Zhuanshan Festival, pieces of dough in the shape of the sun and half-moon are hung from an ox's horns. Sorcerers then proceed to call on the gods through a ceremonial drum dance. After the religious ceremony, people dance gaily to the sound of flutes, drums, and bells. Qiang folk dances today have evolved from this festival. The male dancers carry sheepskin drums with small handles and keep time with short curved drumsticks. The women dancers carry bells that are sounded in time with the drums.


Christianity

The Sanlong Qiang are an unreached people group. Few have ever heard the gospel, although some living in Maoxian may have heard of the existence of Qiang Christians in Wenchuan County.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country More than 19,000 speakers of the Sanlong Qiang language live in the Fengyi, Sanlong, Shaba, Huilong, Baixi, Wadi, and Yazhuzhai districts of Maoxian County in western Sichuan Province. Maoxian, which is also known as Maowen, contained a total population of 89,000 people in the 1990 census, of which 72,000 (80.9%) were people who spoke Qiang languages. Other inhabitants include Han Chinese, Tibetans, and a few families of minority groups such as Hui and Yi. Maoxian is part of the massive Aba Prefecture. The prefectural seat in the township of Aba is about two days' drive northwest of Maoxian.
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People Name General Qiang, Sanlong
People Name in Country Qiang, Sanlong
ROP3 Code 114293
Joshua Project People ID 18667
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 24,100
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Chiang, Sanlong, Sanlong,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Qiang, Southern: Sanlong 24,123
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Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Qiang, Sanlong
Ethnic Code MSY50r
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Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
98.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
2.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
0.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center Copyrighted ©: Yes
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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