Poluo in China

Joshua Project has identified the Poluo only in China

Population

31,200

Christian

0.10%

Evangelical

0.04%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

Despite their large population, very little is known about the Poluo, who are officially counted as part of the Yi nationality. The Poluo have never before been listed in ethnographic or linguistic lists from China. One researcher has stated, "The Poluo never refer to themselves as 'Yi' in their own language; instead, Poluo is used. The Han Chinese in their areas are also apt to call this people Pu instead of Yi. The title Yi is virtually meaningless in reference to this people."


History

The Poluo are one of the most far-flung Yi groups in China today. They are believed to be the descendants of a large tribe that splintered into numerous ethnic groups during migrations many centuries ago.


Customs

Poluo houses are customarily built near streams or rivers to allow easy access to water. Bamboo pipes are arranged to carry the water into the village. Many Poluo live in extremely remote locations at the top of isolated mountains.


Religion

The vast majority of Poluo still adhere to the superstitions of animism, polytheism, and ancestor worship. In some locations a festival is observed on a dragon or ox day of the second lunar month. Each village chooses a day, and all the people gather around a large tree to hold a ceremony in worship of the dragon. The Poluo, along with many other peoples classified as Yi, believe the dragon is responsible for rainfall and other natural phenomena. They hope to appease the dragon in order to quell floods and prevent drought.


Christianity

The first modern-day missionary in China, Robert Morrison, knew people must have the Word of God in their own language. He wrote, "I am still engaged in translation. My courage and perseverance almost fail me. This is a very lonely situation. I am under continual dread of the arm of the oppressor, and the natives who assist me are hunted from place to place and sometimes seized. ... What a blessing it is to have the hope of eternal life rising brighter and brighter as we enter the valley."



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Submit a new profile or correction

Submit an update
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country With a relatively large population of 230,000, the Poluo inhabit a widespread area in southeastern Yunnan Province. The highest concentration are found in Yanshan, Wenshan, and Qiubei counties of Wenshan Prefecture. Smaller numbers live in Maguan, Pingbian, Guangnan, Xichou, and Hekou counties. Yanshan County was only opened to foreign travelers in mid-1997. The Poluo are the dominant Yi group in southeastern Yunnan Province.
Submit an update
People Name General Poluo
People Name in Country Poluo
ROP3 Code 114276
Joshua Project People ID 18654
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 31,200
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Aza, Pola, Polo, Pu, Pula, Puzu,
Submit an update
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Pholo 31,184
Submit an update
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Poluo
Ethnic Code MSY50i
Submit an update
Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.10%    ( Evangelical  0.04% )
Ethnic Religions
93.90%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
6.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
100.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: Paul Noll
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Get Involved
Register ministry activity for this group

Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project. A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.