Nanjingren in China

Joshua Project has identified the Nanjingren only in China

Population

159,000

Christian

4.0%

Evangelical

3.5%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The official classification of the Nanjingren by the Chinese authorities has been extremely problematic. In the 1982 census they were placed in a list of Undetermined Minorities. In 1987 the authorities decided that most Nanjingren were assimilated, and that the remaining 2,000 people who retain their ethnicity had become members of the Longjia minority group. The Longjia themselves, however, were not granted status as a minority group. In the late 1980s they were "discovered" to be a branch of the Bai nationality, the majority of whom live around Dali in western Yunnan Province. To complicate an already confused situation, the Nanjingren were told they could choose which nationality they wanted to be under. As a result, today there are Nanjingren who are classified as Gelao, Yi, or Han Chinese. In Qianxi County the Nanjingren call themselves Xienan, and in Dafang they use the name Xiejing. The Yi call them Awutu; the Miao know them as Shiye; and the Han call them Gejiaoren.


History

The Nanjingren in Guizhou are historically similar to the Chuanqing and Chuanlan groups. Nanjing is the large, former capital city of China located on the east coast. The Nanjingren claim their ancestors were soldiers sent from Nanjing during the eighth and ninth centuries to fight against Miao insurgents in the mountains.


Customs

When a number of generations had passed after their arrival in the area, the Nanjingren adopted many minority customs, especially from the Miao, and no longer viewed themselves as Han Chinese. Later, Han settlers entered the region in the fourteenth century. Not only did they not consider the Nanjingren as Han people, but in many instances they persecuted and despised them. When the Nanjingren marry, the bride-price is customarily paid with cows. The traditional dress of the Nanjingren women consists of short-sleeved shirts, long skirts, and a headdress.


Religion

Most Nanjingren worship their ancestors. Each home has an ancestral altar on the wall of the main room. Offerings of incense and food are regularly made to the dead, in the belief that it will procure their souls a better existence in the afterlife. When a Nanjingren dies, Daoist priests are called in to conduct the funeral according to Daoist rites.


Christianity

Although most Nanjingren have never heard the gospel in such a manner as to intelligently accept or reject Christ, there are about 1,000 Catholic Christians and a few Protestants among them. These believers are the fruit of pre-1949 mission work in the region.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Nanjingren
People Name in Country Nanjingren
Population in China 159,000
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Awutu, Gejiaoren, Longjiazi, Nang Jing, Nankingese, Nongjiazi, Shiye, Xiejing, Xienan
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Nanjingren
Ethnic Code MSY50#
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country More than 120,000 people who call themselves Nanjingren (Nanjing People) live in Bijie, Dafang, Lupanshui, Qianxi, Weining, Jinsha, Nayong, Anshun, Qingzhen, and Zhijin counties in western Guizhou Province.

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin (159,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin 159,000
Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
4.0%    ( Evangelical  3.5% )
Ethnic Religions
90.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
6.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
10.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
90.00%
Photo Source: Anonymous
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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