Minglang in China

Joshua Project has identified the Minglang only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



Wuding is home to numerous small people groups. Each group wears distinctive dress and is recognized as a separate entity by the local inhabitants. Although the Minglang speak a language related to Sani, they firmly consider themselves a unique tribe. In recent decades, under increasing pressure from large numbers of Han Chinese who have migrated into Wuding, the Minglang have commenced a gradual slide toward assimilation. Some Minglang children now exclusively speak Mandarin.


The Minglang have never possessed a written script of their own, although some of the Minglang Christians are able to read the Pollard script - devised by missionary Samuel Pollard in the early 1900s to help illiterate tribal people read the Bible.


The Minglang observe all the traditional Chinese festivals, in addition to several regional Yi celebrations.


In the past the Minglang were animists and polytheists, living in fear and bondage to a wide variety of spirits.


The Minglang (and many other groups in the Wuding area) owe their salvation to the efforts of the Eastern Lipo Christians. "On the banks of the 'River of Golden Sand' in the upper Yangtze watershed between Sichuan and Yunnan provinces live the Yi people. ... The Lipos, a Yi sub-group formerly called the Eastern Lisus, have had the Gospel for almost half a century. These remarkable mountain people ... have used their musical talent to share the Good News of salvation and freedom from all demonic control. Old hymns, packed with sound doctrine, were translated and memorized by the early Lipo Christians. Early on they became a singing church which not only preserved but also propagated its faith crossculturally by singing hymns. Today, because of their witness, there are believers among many neighboring tribes in spite of the language barriers and lack of Christian literature. The Lipo have reached the Minglang, the Ming Cha, and the Samei peoples living among them." Today as many as 400 of the 1,500 Minglang people in Wuding confess Christ.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Minglang (Ming-lung)
People Name in Country Minglang
Population in China 2,000
World Population 2,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Sani, Sanipo
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Minglang (Ming-lung)
Ethnic Code MSY50i
People ID 18598
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 1,500 members of the Minglang tribe live in northern Yunnan Province. Their two main villages are Lower Lemei Village of Chadian District and Tianxin Village of Gaoqiao District within Wuding County. Others live in Maoshan District of Luquan County. The Minglang may also live in Fumin County. Accurate figures on the Minglang population are difficult to obtain because the government no longer considers them a specific people group. They have been combined with many other groups to form the huge Yi nationality. The most recent figure available which specifically mentions the Minglang tribe was a 1952 government study: it listed 103 Minglang households located in Wuding County..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Sani (2,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Sani 2,000
For Primary Language: Sani

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Independent

Major Religion Percent
40.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 26.67 %)
50.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
10.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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