Meng in China

Joshua Project has identified the Meng only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Meng are one of many distinct Hani groups in the region. Little is known of them because Honghe is a tightly controlled area which foreigners have only recently been allowed to enter. In mission literature the Meng have usually been listed as Menghua. Hua means "speech" in Chinese and refers to the name of the language rather than to the people. Note that the Meng are not the same as the Mongolian nationality, who call themselves Meng Zu in Chinese.


The Meng were originally part of a large race who are the ancestors of today's Hani and Akha peoples. The various Hani groups place great importance on being able to recite their genealogies. Research into the historical relationship between the Hani tribes found that they share an identical genealogical record for the first 20 to 22 generations. After that time the groups broke off and became separate peoples. Significantly, the timing coincides with the Mongol invasion of Yunnan and the destruction of the Nanzhao Kingdom in AD 1252.


Due to the horrific practice of female infanticide, the various Hani groups contained 126.5 men to every 100 women in 1987. This imbalance is the worst of any minority in China. Among the Meng, the last syllable of the father's name is used to start the names of his children. Many of the inhabitants of Honghe are employed in tin mines. "Both banks of the Honghe River abound luxuriantly in natural resources. This area is particularly important for the output of nonferrous metals. ... The yield of tin ranks the first in the country. Because of this, Gejiu is known as the Capital of Tin."


The majority of Meng are polytheists. For countless generations they have followed this primitive religion. In rice-growing areas the Thunder god and the wind ghost are the principal deities worshiped by the Meng.


There is thought to be a small number of Christians among the Meng - the result of outreach by the neighboring Biyo and Kado. H. A. Baker, an independent Pentecostal evangelist, traveled extensively in the area throughout the 1930s and 1940s. "In spite of being short of funds, ... Baker, with his traveling bag on his back and a long stick in his hand, continued his preaching as usual. He slept wherever he was able to find a place and ate whatever he could get hold of; both the [minorities] and he himself almost forgot his national identity."

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Meng (Mung)
People Name in Country Meng
Population in China 5,200
World Population 5,200
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Mehua, Menghua, Menghwa, Mengwa
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Hani
People Name General Meng (Mung)
Ethnic Code MSY50i
People ID 18574
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Approximately 4,000 Meng are located in Shuangjiang County in Yunnan Province's Honghe Prefecture. The precise location of the Meng within the county is uncertain. One source simply locates the Meng as "south of Dali." The Honghe (Red) River "meanders across the prefecture from northwest to southwest. Of the prefecture's 3.35 million inhabitants, 52.7% are minority people." In addition to the different Hani groups, Honghe is also home to the Yi, Miao, Dai, Zhuang, Yao, Hui, Bouyei, and Lahu..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hani (5,200)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hani 5,200
For Primary Language: Hani

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 4.89 %)
6.00 %
Ethnic Religions
90.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
4.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
95.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
5.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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