Lingao in China

Joshua Project has identified the Lingao only in China

Population

653,000

Christian

1.1%

Evangelical

0.85%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Lingao, despite speaking their own Tai language, have been officially included as members of the Han Chinese nationality. "Although they regard themselves as Han people, they are regarded as Li people in historical records and by the Han people on Hainan Island." The Lingao call their language the "village language" - the same name as the Cun people on the west coast of Hainan. To avoid confusion, the Chinese have labeled this group Lingao.

Although the use of the Lingao language is widespread, "it has no orthography and is not taught in schools." Scholars disagree regarding the linguistic affiliation of Lingao. Some consider it "closely related to Bouyei, Giay, and Northern Zhuang." Many city-dwelling Lingao are bilingual in the local dialect of Chinese, and some speak Mandarin as a third language. Most rural Lingao, especially women and children, are unable to speak any language except their own.


History

The Lingao language suggests they may have originally been Zhuang who migrated from the Mainland. Hainan has belonged to China for about 2,000 years. "Yet the Chinese have occupied little more than its fringe, and among them the legend still persists that the wild men of the interior have tails!"


Customs

Many Lingao fish in the Beibu Gulf between Hainan and the Chinese Mainland. Every year, between May and October, severe storms lash the area.


Religion

The majority of Lingao are animists. In some locations a multiplicity of spirit beings and ghosts are worshiped. Ancestor worship is also common.


Christianity

In 1630 Jesuit priests from Macau came and set up a chapel in Fucheng - then the capital of Qiongzhou.7 More than 250 years later, in the 1880s, Danish missionary Carl Jeremiassen also "settled down in Fucheng, Qiongshan County, where he bought the Ancestral Hall and turned it into a church." Today, most of the Christians on Hainan are in the northern part of the island. Many Han and Lingao youth have found Christ in recent years, as both official and underground churches report overflowing crowds at their meetings.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country More than 640,000 speakers of Lingao inhabit four counties in the northern part of Hainan Island, including the provincial capital Haikou, and as far west as Bolian Township.
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People Name General Lingao
People Name in Country Lingao
ROP3 Code 114173
Joshua Project People ID 18556
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 653,000
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Be, Limkou, Limkow, Ongbe,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Lingao
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Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Li
People Name General Lingao
Ethnic Code MSY49z
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Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
1.1%    ( Evangelical  0.85% )
Ethnic Religions
86.90%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
12.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
90.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
10.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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