Li, Qi in China

Joshua Project has identified the Li, Qi only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Qi Li are one of five distinct tribes of the official Li nationality. "The women of the Ki [Qi] ... like those of all the Hainan tribes and sub-tribes, wore dress peculiar to their region. Their silver ornaments differed in design, and the headdress was a turban or sometimes a tasseled handkerchief."


The Qi Li have a long history of being bullied by Chinese landowners. Many chose to live back in the mountains beyond the reach of their oppressors, while those who remained in the valleys were gradually assimilated to Chinese culture and language.


Until recently divorce was not prohibited among the Li. "A [Li] widow cannot return to her parents; this is supposed to discourage prostitution, and promote marriage."


The Qi Li living in more remote villages have many superstitions. They believe demons live in nature, especially in large mountains and waterfalls. In 1937 the Qi would not allow a Western traveler to visit a nearby waterfall, claiming it was the home of the devil.


The Qi Li are an unreached people group. Few have ever been approached with the gospel. The foundation of the American Presbyterian Mission on Hainan Island was laid by Carl C. Jeremiassen, a native of Denmark. He went to Hainan in 1881 as an independent, self-supporting missionary. "During that year he made a complete circuit of the island, treating the sick and distributing Chinese literature wherever he visited." To the Qi Li, however, who had no prior knowledge of Christianity, this scattered seed fell on rocky soil. Decades later they told another foreigner about a man who had visited them long before and "who had stayed for only an hour. His name they did not know, but he distributed many papers showing a strange God with a beard!" Today there are possibly several hundred believers among the Qi Li; however, the few churches are weak and nominal.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Li, Qi (Lee, Chee)
People Name in Country Li, Qi
Population in China 314,000
World Population 314,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Gei, Hei, Heitu, Ki, Qi, Qiandui
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Li
People Name General Li, Qi (Lee, Chee)
Ethnic Code MSY49z
People ID 18553
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The Qi Li are the second largest Li group on Hainan Island. Although numbering 178,000 speakers in 1987, there are many more ethnic Qi Li who now can speak only Chinese. This people group is located in the central sections of Hainan Island, especially concentrated in Baoting and Qiongzhong counties..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hlai: Qi (314,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hlai: Qi 314,000
For Primary Language: Hlai

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Hlai, Has Film / Video
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.14 %)
0.20 %
Ethnic Religions
96.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
3.80 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Create International   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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