Kiong Nai in China

Joshua Project has identified the Kiong Nai only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



Although they are officially (and ethnically) considered part of the Yao nationality, the Kiong Nai speak a language related to Miao. Kiong Nai is the selfname of this small tribe. The Chinese call them Hualan Yao which means "flowery blue Yao." It can also mean "Yao with baskets of flowers."


The Kiong Nai live alongside the Iu Mien and Lakkia in the Dayaoshan Mountains. These groups migrated into the area at different times. The Kiong Nai's homes are "built with brick and wood. ... The Pan [Iu Mien] and Shanzi Yao [Kim Mun], however, had no land in the Dayaoshan, suggesting that these two groups were later arrivals in the area. They had to ask to use land from the three established Yao groups, and had to pay rent and render manual labor to them. These two groups could not settle down, but lived in rustic bamboo sheds."


Kiong Nai women wear beautiful dress, which is "embroidered with fine lace and consists of three wraps, one large, one smaller, and one a medium size. ... A small bamboo basket is carried on the back and a long knife at the waist. A pair of short pants and a puttee completes the outfit." The Kiong Nai are renowned throughout the area for their skill in making silver ornaments.


The Kiong Nai are polytheists. They worship a variety of gods and spirits. Their religion has made them indifferent to the sanctity of human life. "It is their custom ... to control the size of their population. They plan their families according to their wealth and the size of the land they will till. Generally, there will be one or two children in a family. In order to maintain their living standard, they do not hesitate to resort to abortion if and when their planning goes wrong."


The Kiong Nai are completely untouched by the gospel. They have never had a known believer or Christian fellowship among them. There are geographic, cultural, and linguistic barriers that prevent the Kiong Nai from hearing the message of salvation from other people groups.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Kiong Nai (Chee-ong-Nai)
People Name in Country Kiong Nai
Population in China 2,400
World Population 2,400
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Flowery Blue Yao, Hua Lan Yao, Hwa Lan Yao, Jiongnai, Jiongnai Bunu, Jiongnaihua, Kiang Nai, Kion Nai, Qiungnai
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Yao-Mien
People Name General Kiong Nai (Chee-ong-Nai)
Ethnic Code MSY47b
People ID 18525
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The small Kiong Nai tribe, which numbered 1,500 people in a 1991 study, are one of five distinct Yao groups living in the Dayaoshan (Big Yao Mountains) in eastern Guangxi's Jinxiu County. The 1982 Chinese census listed only 822 Kiong Nai, but later research placed the number higher. The Kiong Nai are the smallest and most different of the five Yao groups, who together total 36,000 people. The various groups "speak different languages and each has its own peculiar customs and living habits." The Kiong Nai inhabit the nine villages of Longhua, Nanzhou, Dajin, Liuxiang, Mentou, Gubu, Ludan, Liutian, and Chang'e..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bunu, Jiongnai (2,400)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bunu, Jiongnai 2,400
For Primary Language: Bunu, Jiongnai

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Translation Need Questionable
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 4.50 %)
4.50 %
Ethnic Religions
90.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.50 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.