Jino, Buyuan in China

Joshua Project has identified the Jino, Buyuan only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language


The Jungles of Southern Yunnan

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Although the Buyuan Jino belong to the official Jino minority group, they speak their own distinct language.


In 1942 the Kuomintang authorities dispatched an officer to the Jino Mountains to collect a "tobacco tax." He died on the way back. The government used this incident to accuse the mountain people of poisoning the tax collector. The KMT "sent soldiers to loot, burn and kill. The Jino people rose up and notified the villages of the Tai Lu, Yao, Lahu, Akha and Han nationalities by urgent letter that their delegates should assemble on Jino Mountain. There they pledged in the blood of a slain ox to rally to the support of the Jino people. The armies attacked unmercifully and numerous Jino were slaughtered. Despite the failed uprising, the Tai Lu sing, 'The strongest animal in the forest is the rhinoceros, the bravest people on the mountain are the Jino!'"


An aspect of Jino culture unique among China's peoples is the longhouse. Whole Jino extended families live together in the same home. In the early 1950s the largest home contained 127 people! In the past, the ears of newborn babies were pierced and inserted with decorated pieces of cork or bamboo. The Jino's village boundaries are marked by wooden or stone tablets bearing an emblem of a sword or spear.


The Buyuan Jino are polytheists, worshiping a multitude of demons and gods. They also worship Kong Ming. Jino homes are constructed in the shape of a cube with a pointed roof to resemble the hat Kong Ming reputedly wore into battle. Jino boys wear shirts with a circular pattern embroidered on the back, alleged to be the eight diagrams Kong Ming used in his divination.


A small number of Buyuan Jino have been won to Christ by evangelists from Jinghong in recent years. All the new Christians are teenagers. This has prevented the gospel from permeating the authority structures of the Jino and from winning favor with the leaders of their communities. Most older Buyuan Jino view Christianity with suspicion.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Jino, Buyuan (Jee-nor, Boo-yooahn)
People Name in Country Jino, Buyuan
Population in China 1,600
World Population 1,600
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Buyuan, Jinuo, Pu-yuan Chi-no
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Jino, Buyuan (Jee-nor, Boo-yooahn)
Ethnic Code MSY50z
People ID 18515
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country One thousand speakers of the Buyuan Jino language were listed in a 1991 study. They live on the Buyuan Mountains in Jinghong County, Xishuangbanna Prefecture, located in the extreme southwest corner of China. Despite their close proximity to Laos and Myanmar, there is no evidence of Jino being found in either country. The Buyuan region is a thickly forested area. Over 200 wild elephants, as well as leopards, golden-haired monkeys, and wild oxen still roam the unspoilt forests. Small bears also inhabited the jungle, but their numbers have been reduced to near extinction by the expert Jino hunters..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Jinuo, Buyuan (1,600)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Jinuo, Buyuan 1,600
For Primary Language: Jinuo, Buyuan

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.59 %)
2.00 %
Ethnic Religions
98.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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