Jiarong, Guanyingqiao in China

Joshua Project has identified the Jiarong, Guanyingqiao only in China







Largest Religion

Main Language


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Although the Guanyingqiao Jiarong have officially been classified as members of the Tibetan nationality, they do not even speak a language closely related to Tibetan and are known to have a different history, origin, and customs. Whereas certain Chinese experts were in favor of giving the Jiarong status as a distinct minority group, certain Tibetan leaders are believed to have campaigned for their inclusion in the Tibetan nationality, fearing that the exclusion of the Jiarong would weaken the Tibetan cause.

Guanyingqiao Jiarong is a member of the Qiangic branch of the Tibeto- Burman language family. It is related to Ergong and Shangzhai Jiarong. Despite their small population, studies indicate the existence of eight dialects within Guanyingqiao Jiarong. "Representative local varieties of Guanyingqiao, some very different, include Xiaoyili and Siyaowu in Zamtang County, Muerzong in Barkam County, Guanyingqiao, Ergali, Taiyanghe, Ere and Yelong in Jinchuan County."


Thousands of years ago the various branches of the Jiarong in Sichuan were more closely related to today's official Qiang nationality. The Jiarong, however, migrated into Tibetan areas and have been culturally assimilated to Tibetan ways.


Although the dress and most customs of the Jiarong are now identical to their neighboring Tibetans, they proudly retain their ancient stone defense towers, called tianlu, which show their historic relationship with the Qiang peoples.


Tibetan Buddhism is embraced by all Jiarong people. Polytheism and shamanism are also present. The deities most feared by the Jiarong are the Mountain gods, which they believe dwell inside large mountains and are responsible for most bad things that happen.


The extreme geographic remoteness of the Guanyingqiao Jiarong has separated them from gospel witness throughout their history. There are few roads in this sparsely populated part of China, and most local people here have never seen a Westerner. Very few Han Chinese have settled in this part of Sichuan, except for government officials and some adventurous merchants. Few Guanyingqiao Jiarong have ever heard the name of Jesus Christ.

Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Jiarong, Guanyingqiao
People Name in Country Jiarong, Guanyingqiao
Population in China 7,730
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged or Unknown Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Gyarong, Gyarung, Jarong
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibetan
People Name General Jiarong, Guanyingqiao
Ethnic Code MSY50z
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Several thousand speakers of the Guanyingqiao Jiarong language live in the remote northwestern part of Sichuan Province. According to linguist Jonathon Evans, "The language is spoken along the tributaries of the Jinchuan River in the southwestern tip of Ma'erkang (Barkam) County, northwestern Jinchuan County, and southeastern Zamtang County. It has been named Guanyingqiao after the district in Jinchuan County which is the focal point of the Guanyingqiaospeaking area." Although no specific figure for the Guanyingqiao Jiarong has been published, they are believed to number approximately 5,000 speakers. Their location is shared with Tibetans. Very few outsiders have ever ventured as far as the Guanyingqiao area.
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Lavrung (7,700)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Lavrung 7,700
Category Resource
Largest Religion Buddhism
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
Other / Small
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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