Iu Mien, Luoxiang in China

Joshua Project has identified the Iu Mien, Luoxiang only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Luoxiang Iu Mien are part of the Yao nationality in China. The Chinese call them Pan Yao, meaning "Yao who worship Pan." The other Yao groups in Jinxiu County are the Kiong Nai, Lakkia, Ao Biao, and Kim Mun.


The Iu Mien and Kim Mun were the last two groups to migrate into the Dayao Mountains. They found the best land was already taken by the Ao Biao and the Lakkia. The Iu Mien struggled in extremely harsh conditions for many years, were forbidden to own land, and forced to live in bamboo sheds while rendering manual labor to the original inhabitants. Another source states the Iu Mien "came to the Dayaoshan Mountains rather late and found no space for settlement in the wooded hills or river valleys suitable for farming. So they had to live in scattered mountain villages at a high altitude. Earlier, they did not even have a fixed place to live in and, like nomadic tribes, roamed from one mountain to another. They are, therefore, also known as the Guoshan Yao (the Yao who keep crossing mountains)."


Despite their extreme poverty, the dress of the Luoxiang Iu Mien is elaborate. Both men and women wear large turbans. The greatest festival for the Iu Mien is the annual Pan Hu Festival, dedicated to the legendary ancestor of the Iu Mien. The Changgu (Long Drum) Dance is the most famous dance of the festival. "The drums used in this dance are shaped like an egg-timer, and their ends are covered with goat's hide. Before the performance, the drums are smeared with yellow mud, presumably to alter the pitch."


Numerous stories abound regarding the heroic exploits of Pan Hu, who is worshiped by the Iu Mien as a spiritual savior.


The first known penetration of the gospel among the Luoxiang Iu Mien occurred in 1996. A Hong Kong-based ministry won approximately 30 Ao Biao and Iu Mien in Jinxiu County to Christ.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Iu Mien, Luoxiang (Yoo-Mee-en, Luoh-sheung)
People Name in Country Iu Mien, Luoxiang
Population in China 4,900
World Population 4,900
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Guoshan Yao, Mien, Luoxiang, Pan Yao
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Yao-Mien
People Name General Iu Mien, Luoxiang (Yoo-Mee-en, Luoh-sheung)
Ethnic Code MSY47b
People ID 18506
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Approximately 3,900 Luoxiang Iu Mien people live in the Dayaoshan (Big Yao Mountains) of the Jinxiu Yao Autonomous County within the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. Jinxiu is one of the most fascinating areas in all of China for anthropologists and linguists. Five distinct Yao subgroups, each speaking a different language, live in a small area..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Iu Mien (4,900)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Iu Mien 4,900
For Primary Language: Iu Mien

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1932-1996)
New Testament Yes   (1975-1991)
Complete Bible Yes   (2008)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mien Bible (Lao Script) Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mien Bible (New Roman Script) Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mien Bible (Old Roman Script Script) Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Mien Bible (Thai Script) Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Iu Mien Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.39 %)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
95.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
4.50 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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