Hmong Vron in China

Joshua Project has identified the Hmong Vron only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language


The Miao

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Hmong Vron women wear long wooden horns connected to their hair. Because of this they are called Long Horn Miao in English. Hmong Vron means "forest Hmong." The Chinese call them Qing Miao, which means "forest Miao." There is another group of Hmong near Bijie who also wear horns, but the two groups are only distantly related. In Operation China this latter group is called Horned Miao.


The Hmong Vron, like many other Miao/Hmong groups in China, have been ensnared by dire poverty for centuries. When the Communists passed through Guizhou in 1934 on their Long March, they were horrified at the condition of the Miao. "They sat huddled in nakedness beside straw cooking fires. ... Girls of seventeen and eighteen worked naked in the fields. Many families had only one pair of trousers to share among three or four adult males. ... They owned no land. They were in debt to the landlord from birth to death. There was no escape. They sold their children if anyone would buy them. They smothered or drowned baby girls. That was routine. The boys were killed too, if there was no market for them."


To produce their striking appearance, Hmong Vron women first tie a big wooden horn on their heads. "Then, cords of hair are bound around the wooden horn. ... In fact, the cords are made from the hair of her deceased elder relatives handed down through the generations. ... Tradition has it that long ago a villager caught an exceptionally beautiful pheasant. It caused a sensation among the villagers, who wished to dress themselves as beautifully as the golden pheasant."


In the past, each Hmong Vron village had its own shaman. Today most are animists, living in constant fear of evil spirits.


The Hmong Vron are an unreached people group with no known believers despite the fact that they are neighbors of the Gha-Mu (Small Flowery Miao) - the majority of whom are Christians. The gospel has not spread to the Hmong Vron because of linguistic and social barriers. This situation highlights the necessity for the Christian world to view the many Miao groups as separate entities. The Gha-Mu speak a completely different language from the Hmong Vron. Also, the two groups do not particularly like each other. As a result, there is little contact between them.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2011-07-06
People Name General Hmong Vron (Hmong-Vron)
People Name in Country Hmong Vron
Population in China 5,800
World Population 5,800
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Forest Miao, Long-Horn Miao, Qing Miao
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Miao / Hmong
People Name General Hmong Vron (Hmong-Vron)
Ethnic Code MSY47a
People ID 18497
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 4,4000 members of the Hmong Vron people group inhabit 12 villages in the Suoga District, near Luzhi in western Guizhou Province. Luzhi is part of the Lupanshui (Six Plate Water) Municipality. The area has been described as a "sea of coal.… A wide range of coal types is extracted from tunnel mines and exports, including coke, are sent to Hong Kong, Japan, India, and the U.S.A." The Hmong Vron live just south of the Gha-Mu area..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Miao, Large Flowery (5,800)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Miao, Large Flowery 5,800
For Primary Language: Miao, Large Flowery

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1907-2009)
New Testament Yes   (1917-1936)
Complete Bible Yes   (2009)
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
God's Story Video Film / Video
Jesus Film: view in Miao, Large Flowery Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
95.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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