Hmong Dou in China

Joshua Project has identified the Hmong Dou only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language


The Miao

Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Although they speak a language mutually intelligible with other Western Miao (Hmong) varieties, the Hmong Dou possess their own ethnic identity. They do not consider other Miao/Hmong groups to be of the same ethnic stock and do not usually intermarry outside of their communities. The Chinese call them Hongxian Miao, which means "red thread Miao." The Hmong Be (Mountain Hmong) in Luzhai Village of Dafang County call them Hmong Dou which means "downhill Hmong."


Centuries of discrimination and military campaigns against them by the Chinese have splintered the Miao/Hmong into their numerous present-day ethnic groups and languages - including the Hmong Dou.


The Hmong Dou were given their Chinese name (Hongxian "red thread" Miao) because the women "often make their hair into a large bun that bulges on each side of the head. The bun is held in place by red thread wrapped around the forehead in a band about three inches in height."


For centuries the Hmong Dou have been diligent to appease demons, offering annual sacrifices in a bid to keep peace with the spirit world. They believe spirits can be either good or bad and can locate themselves in a person, animal, or some other object of nature.


Because they live alongside the Gha-Mu, who have thousands of Christians, most Hmong Dou have some awareness of the gospel, and a small number have placed their trust in Jesus Christ. Missionary J. R. Adam worked in the area in the early 1900s and included the Hmong Dou in one of his 1907 mission reports.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Hmong Dou (Hmong-Njah)
People Name in Country Hmong Dou
Population in China 4,100
World Population 4,100
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Downhill Hmong, Hongxian Miao, Mo, Red Thread Miao, Red Top Miao
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Miao / Hmong
People Name General Hmong Dou (Hmong-Njah)
Ethnic Code MSY47a
People ID 18493
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Approximately 3,200 Hmong Dou live in the large Dananshan Village in Bijie County, located in the western part of Guizhou Province. Small numbers also live in a few surrounding villages in Xiaoshao and Yanzikou townships. In addition, some Hmong Dou have migrated to the Daguan and Xiehe districts of Qianxi County..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.

Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Language Unknown (4,100)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Language Unknown 4,100
For Primary Language: Language Unknown

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Translation Need Questionable
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 9.46 %)
11.00 %
Ethnic Religions
84.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Video Source: Asia Harvest
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.