Hkauri in China

Joshua Project has identified the Hkauri only in China

Population

40

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Identity

Although the Chinese authorities have placed the Hkauri under the official Jingpo nationality, they possess a different ethnicity and speak a distinct language from other Jingpo groups. In Myanmar, the Hkauri's claims as a separate tribe have recently been acknowledged. The various branches of the Kachin in Myanmar are encouraged to profess unity as one people. Different claims of ethnicity are seen as a sign of weakness, especially by the leaders of the Kachin Independence Army. The fact remains, however, that the Hkauri have their own name and language. Somewhat surprisingly, the present government of Myanmar acknowledges the Hkauri as one of that nation's 135 ethnic groups.


History

According to Hkauri legends and folklore, their first ancestor was named Ning Gawn Wa. He was also involved with the creation of the earth. Later, he married an alligator. "Their great grandson, Wahkyet Wa, became the progenitor of the Jingpos. Of Wahkyet Wa's numerous sons (traditions as to the number of his wives vary from three to thirty), the five eldest sons of his first wife ... became the founders of the five major Jingpo clans," including the Hkauri.


Customs

The Hkauri claim they migrated to their present location from a place far to the north known as Majoi Shingra Bum (Naturally Flat Mountain). A number of researchers have suggested all the Jingpo peoples once lived on the Tibetan or Qinghai Plateau in China. The Hkauri are a hardy, warrior type of people, yet are extremely friendly to outsiders.


Religion

The majority of Hkauri in both Myanmar and China today are Christians. Before their conversion they were animists, worshiping and appeasing a host of different deities and gods.


Christianity

Baptist missionary Josiah Cushing started work in the Hkauri area in 1876, although missionary Eugenio Kincaid had first passed through northern Burma in the 1830s. The Jingpo Bible is used by Hkauri Christians, but there may be a need for them to have the Scriptures in their own language.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Hkauri
People Name in Country Hkauri
Population in China 40
World Population 40
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Gaori, Gauri, Kao-jih, Kauri, Khauri
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Hkauri
Ethnic Code MSY50f
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 37  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution rankinging, )
Location in Country Although the majority of people belonging to the Hkauri ethnic group live east and northeast of Bhamo in Myanmar's Shan State, a few also spill across the border into the western part of Yunnan Province, China. Only about 30 Hkauri people live within China's borders. One source states, "the speaking population in China numbers only a few dozen people." The Hkauri live in one village within Yingjiang County in the Dehong Prefecture of Yunnan Province, immediately on the China- Myanmar border.

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Jingpho: Dulong (40)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Jingpho: Dulong 40
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1895-1912)
New Testament Yes   (1912-2004)
Complete Bible Yes   (1927-2009)
Audio Bible Online
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Jingpho
Printed Matter Fathers Love Letter
Scripture World Missionary Press Booklets

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 50.00 %)
80.00 %
Ethnic Religions
20.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
100.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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