Han Chinese, Waxiang in China

Joshua Project has identified the Han Chinese, Waxiang only in China

Population

354,000

Christian

0.30%

Evangelical

0.22%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

Although officially considered part of the Han Chinese nationality, Waxiang may not even be a Chinese language. Little study has been conducted into Waxiang, but one scholar notes, "Some view it as a special variety of Chinese, others as a minority language, perhaps related to Miao." It is possible that the Waxiang are a mixture of Miao and Chinese people who developed their own distinct characteristics after centuries of mutual contact.


History

The Qing (Manchu) Dynasty (1644-1911): The Manchus in the northeast took advantage of the peasant unrest throughout China and seized control of Beijing. Yet again, the Han Chinese majority were ruled by a neighboring minority tribe. It took a further four decades for the Manchu to take control of southern China. Today's Inner Mongolia, Tibet, and Xinjiang were all conquered and subdued, leading to ethnic unrest which persists to this day. The Manchu period witnessed the entrance of foreign powers into China and the seizing of key ports and regions. Hong Kong was taken by the British, Macau by the Portuguese, while the Dutch, Spanish, French, Japanese, and Russians all laid claim to parts of China. The Chinese consider the Manchu Dynasty one of the most humiliating of their long history.


Customs

Many of the customs of the more rural Waxiang are similar to those of the neighboring Ghao-Xong.


Religion

The majority of Waxiang practice animistic rituals. They appease spirits and ghosts who they believe dwell in their villages and influence their lives for good or for evil.


Christianity

There are few Christians among the Waxiang. The region has historically given a cold reception to those few missionaries who ventured into the Wuling Mountains. American Catholic priests, from the Blessed Gabriel Monastery in Massachusetts, USA, commenced work along the Hunan-Guizhou border in the 1920s. One early missionary reported, "The good work is moving but very slowly. The people are as hard as steel. They are eaten up both soul and body by the world, and do not seem to feel that there can be reality in anything beyond sense. To them our doctrine is foolishness, our talk jargon. We discuss and beat them in argument. We reason them into silence and shame; but the whole effort falls upon them like showers upon a sandy desert."



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Approximately 320,000 speakers of the Waxiang language live scattered throughout an area of more than 6,000 square kilometers (2,340 sq. mi.) in western Hunan Province. The majority are located in the Wuling Mountains, including parts of Yuanling, Chunxi, Jishou, Guzhang, and Dayong counties.
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People Name General Han Chinese, Waxiang
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Waxiang
ROP3 Code 114091
Joshua Project People ID 18483
Indigenous Yes
Population in China 354,000
Least-Reached Yes
Alternate Names for People Group Waxianghua, Wogang, Xianghua,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Waxianghua 353,579
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Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Waxiang
Ethnic Code MSY42a
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Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
1.00%
Christianity
0.30%    ( Evangelical  0.22% )
Ethnic Religions
70.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
28.70%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
75.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
25.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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