Han Chinese, Puxian in China

Population

2,988,000

Christian

Evangelical

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Identity

Puxian people are often stereotyped by other Chinese as heroic and athletic people. Many of China's best track and field stars come from Putian. In Southeast Asia the Puxian are known as the Hinghua.


History

The Yuan (Mongol) Dynasty (1271-1368): In 1213 the Mongols, led by Genghis Khan, broke through the Great Wall which had been designed to prevent them from entering China. The Mongols swept all opposition before them, winning more territory than any other kingdom in the history of world. Their realm stretched from Southeast Asia to Hungary in Europe. The Mongol armies were brutal, killing and plundering unmercifully wherever they went. One writer at the time recounted, "If anyone were to say that at no time since the creation of man by the great God had the world experienced anything like it, he would only be telling the truth. The Mongols ... spared none. They killed women, men and children, ripped open the bodies of the pregnant and slaughtered the unborn."


Customs

Chinese leaders have long been diligent in numbering and classifying the people of China. Although vital statistics of the population date back as far as the Xia Dynasty (2200-1700 BC), the first recorded nationwide census in China was conducted in 789 BC under the reign of Emperor Zhou Xuan.


Religion

The implementation of Communist policies resulted in a ban on all religious activity across China between 1966 and 1976. Thousands of temples, mosques, and churches were smashed to the ground, and believers were forced to practice their faith in secrecy.


Christianity

The Nestorian church disappeared from China in the fourteenth century, leaving almost no trace of its existence. The heads of 70,000 Christians were piled on a heap in Xian around 1300. "This was the second disappearance of Christianity from China, and when it returned two hundred years later, the next wave of Christians seemed largely unaware that there had ever been Christians there before them." Today approximately 100,000 of the Puxian Chinese are Christians - including more than 30,000 in Putian City alone, and 90,000 in the whole of Putian County.


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Han Chinese, Puxian (Pu-shee-un)
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Puxian
Population in China 2,988,000
World Population 3,035,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Han Chinese, Henghua, Hinghua, Hinghua Min, Hsingua, Putian, Puxian, Pu-Xian, Xianyou, Xinghua Min, Xinghua, Putian
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Puxian (Pu-shee-un)
Ethnic Code MSY42a
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 37  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution rankinging, )
Location in Country Approximately two and a half million Puxian Chinese densely inhabit a relatively small area in eastern Fujian Province. The Puxian take their name from nicknames of the two counties they primarily inhabit: Putian and neighboring Xianyou. Xianyou is also under the jurisdiction of Putian City. The Puxian language is spoken in an oval valley about 55 kilometers (34 mi.) wide and 100 kilometers (62 mi.) long.

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Pu-Xian (2,988,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Pu-Xian 2,988,000
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1892)
New Testament Yes   (1900)
Complete Bible Yes   (1912)
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
General Four Spiritual Laws
Scripture Bible-in-Your-Language

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
25.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 4.40 %)
5.00 %
Ethnic Religions
34.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
36.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
91.0 %
Orthodox
0.0 %
Other Christian
1.0 %
Protestant
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
8.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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