Ergong in China

Joshua Project has identified the Ergong only in China

Population

50,800

Christian

0.01%

Evangelical

0.01%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

Officially the Ergong have been included as part of the Tibetan nationality in China, even though they speak their own distinct language. The Ergong are also widely known as Hor or Horpa.


History

The great Qiang race was once more populous than today. As they moved into more remote regions along the Tibetan frontier, most Qiang were converted to Tibetan Buddhism and were gradually assimilated to Tibetan culture and customs. Today, minority groups such as the Ergong are an example of those Qiang groups who are still in the transitory stage of assimilation. The Ergong are culturally Tibetan but retain their Qiangic language.


Customs

The customs of the Ergong are similar to Tibetan customs, although massive stone watchtowers called tianlu prove their affiliation with the Qiang people. Harsh Sichuan winters give way in May to sunny days when grass and wildflowers bloom throughout the region.


Religion

All Ergong adhere to the Tibetan Buddhist religion. They consider it a priority to visit at least one holy Tibetan site during the course of their lifetime.


Christianity

The Ergong are a completely untouched people group. Few Christians have heard of the Ergong and fewer still have tried to reach them. James O. Fraser, a British missionary who worked among the Lisu in the early part of the twentieth century, often exhorted believers in the Western world to intercede on behalf of the lost in China. Fraser said, "Many of us cannot reach the mission-fields on our feet, but we can reach them on our knees. Solid, lasting missionary work is accomplished by prayer, whether offered in China, India, or the United States."



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Ergong
People Name in Country Ergong
Population in China 50,800
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bawang Rong-Ke, Bopa, Daofuhua, Gesitsa, Hor, Hor-ke, Horpa, Horu, Jiarong, Pawang, Pawong, Taofu, Western Jiarong
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibetan
People Name General Ergong
Ethnic Code MSY50r
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Recent research has revealed the existence of approximately 60,500 Ergong people living in remote parts of western Sichuan Province of western China. The county with the largest number of Ergong people is Daofu, followed by Danba, Luhuo and Xinlong within the Banzi Prefecture; while in neighboring Aba Prefecture the Ergong are dispersed in Jinchuan and Zamtang counties.
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Horpa 51,000
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Horpa 51,000
Category Resource
Largest Religion Buddhism
Buddhism
99.00%
Christianity
0.01%    ( Evangelical  0.01% )
Ethnic Religions
0.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.99%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
100.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
0.00%
Photo Source: COMIBAM / Sepal
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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