Dong, Southern in China

Joshua Project has identified the Dong, Southern only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language


The Dong

Source Asia Harvest                                                Download

Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


The Southern Dong speakers are counted as part of the official Dong nationality. The Southern Dong have retained more of their culture and ethnicity than the Northern Dong.


During the Qin and Han dynasties (221 BC-AD 220) there were numerous tribes scattered across southern China. At that time the ancestors of today's Dong were slaves. The slave society gradually eroded away during the Tang Dynasty (618-907). For countless centuries the Dong have lived alongside Miao and Zhuang people and have absorbed numerous aspects of their culture and language.


The Dong love to stage bullfights. Every Dong village raises its own bull. "As the bulls lock horns and clash and strain to topple each other, the Dong cheer on their favourite beasts and toast them in fiery mao tai [whisky]." A Dong girl is usually taught to weave and embroider at the age of seven. By the age of 12, she starts working on her wedding dress. Marriage usually occurs at the age of 17 or 18. After marriage, a woman lives with her parents until after the birth of the first child. At that time, she is allowed to move into her husband's home.


The Dong are a highly superstitious people who worship a host of demons and gods. They make annual offerings to the spirits of their village, homes, and crops. Ancestral altars are also found in the main room of most homes.


The China Inland Mission commenced work among the Dong around 1910. In the 1930s missionaries from Liuzhou in Guangxi traveled to northern Guangxi and won 80 Southern Dong to Christ near Fuluh Township. In 1998 one ministry led several of this group to Christ. They returned to their village and started a house fellowship of 40 people.

Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Dong, Southern
People Name in Country Dong, Southern
Population in China 1,220,000
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Dong, Gam, Kam, Southern Tung, Tong, Tongjia, Tung, Tungchia, Tungjen
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tai
People Name General Dong, Southern
Ethnic Code MSY49z
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country The Southern Dong are the larger of the two Dong language groups in China. Almost 1.5 million speakers of Southern Dong were counted in the 1990 language census, from a total of 2.5 million people in the Dong nationality. The Southern Dong live primarily in the Rongjiang, Jinping, Liping, Zhenyang, and Congjiang counties in Guizhou Province; Longsheng, Sanjiang, and Rongshui counties in northeastern Guangxi; and Tongdao County in Hunan Province. Two villages of Dong are also located in northern Vietnam, although only one individual in Vietnam is still able to speak Dong.
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Dong, Southern (1,220,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Dong, Southern 1,220,000
Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament Yes   (2006)
Complete Bible No
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Dong, Southern
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-06-27
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-06-30
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-04-15
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-07-24

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.07 %)
0.07 %
Ethnic Religions
92.93 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
7.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Paul Noll
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Video Source: Asia Harvest  
Profile Source:  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more  
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