Deng, Geman in China

Joshua Project has identified the Deng, Geman only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



The Geman Deng have not been included as part of any nationality by the Chinese authorities. Instead, they were included in a list of Undetermined Minorities which contained 881,838 people at the time of the 1990 census. Neighboring groups may call the Geman Deng Ahman.


Chinese state television has produced a documentary on the Deng, who claim to have lived in their corner of Tibet since the beginning of time. The Deng's recent history has been one of oppression by the Tibetans. Formerly, the Deng were not even allowed to leave their area without permission from the Tibetan lamas.


Deng people with the same name or blood ties live and work together in their villages. Most of the work is done by the Deng women. The women have a striking appearance, including a "silver hair band with engraved flowers over thick hair worn loosely on front of the top of their head. They are fond of big cylindershaped earrings with whorl patterns. Their clothes are richly decorated with agate, coral and jade ornaments as well as elaborate boxes of silver or gold in which they keep a copy of the Buddhist scripture. If a woman wears long strips of silver coins on the front of her blouse, she is from a wealthy family and has higher status than other women in the family."


The Deng fear a variety of ghosts and demons. They believe they are able to temporarily calm the anger of these spirits and so, at appointed times, offer sacrifices of chickens and animals. This killing of valuable livestock has resulted in the Deng being trapped in dire poverty. Deng families often go into heavy debt to pay for the services of a shaman.


This group is one of the most difficult peoples in all of China to reach with the gospel. Their communities are only accessible by boat or on foot. A handful of Geman Deng in Myanmar have been evangelized by the strong Rawang church, but so far there are very few or no among them. Most Geman Deng in Tibet are without a witness. There are reports a few Gemang Deng in China have become followers of Jesus Christ.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Deng, Geman (Dung)
People Name in Country Deng, Geman
Population in China 14,000
World Population 14,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Ah-man, Geman Deng, Kaman, Kuman, Kuman Deng
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Tibeto-Burman, other
People Name General Deng, Geman (Dung)
Ethnic Code MSY50f
People ID 18437
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Approximately 11,000 speakers of Geman Deng live on the tablelands on both sides of the lower reaches of the Zayu River within Zayu County, in southeastern Tibet. Plenty of rainfall and natural resources provide ideal conditions for their communities. The beautiful Zayu Valley, south of Mount Demula on the Hengduan Range, lies a mere 800 to 1,000 meters (2,600-3,280 ft.) above sea level. "There are vast expanses of woods on the slopes and in the valley itself bananas, water melons and apples grow in profusion together with rice.".   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Miju-Mishmi (14,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Miju-Mishmi 14,000
For Primary Language: Miju-Mishmi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
15.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
82.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
3.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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