Daur, Western in China

Joshua Project has identified the Daur, Western only in China

Population

7,290

Christian

0.00%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Daur in Xinjiang are the descendants of a group of Daur troops who were sent from Manchuria in 1763. The Chinese include them under the Daur nationality, despite the fact that their customs are now markedly different from the Daur living on the opposite side of the country.


History

The Western Daur are related to the Daur in Heilongjiang Province, who came under Chinese control in 1698. During the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) the Daur were called up for military service a total of 60 times. One assignment in 1763 took a group of Daur soldiers all the way across northern China to Xinjiang. After completing their service, the soldiers decided to stay in the northwest, rather than face the demanding two-year journey back to their homeland.


Customs

On his wedding day, the groom sets off to fetch the bride the moment the sun rises. "As soon as the bride in her red wedding gown arrives in a car, firecrackers are let off ... and the bride's hair is combed with a part in the center. She wears gold, silver or jade earrings, bracelets and rings, and an embroidered tobacco pouch is attached to the front of her dress. She does this because it is the custom with the Daurs to offer each other a cigarette."


Religion

Most Western Daur are polytheists, worshiping five Sky gods. "All humans and animals are believed to have a sumus, or spirit, which at the time of death, leaves the body and is presented to Irmu Khan, the lord of the underworld. He decides how each spirit will be reincarnated. Those whose owners have behaved best might become barkans (gods) while those with the worst record are condemned to perpetual hell."


Christianity

There has never been a known church among the Western Daur. The recently established Daur church in northeast China, however, has a burden to reach their brothers in the northwest and were planning an evangelistic trip to Xinjiang in 1998.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Daur, Western
People Name in Country Daur, Western
Population in China 7,290
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Sinkiang Daur, Turkestan Daur, Xinjiang Daur
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mongolian
People Name General Daur, Western
Ethnic Code MSY41z
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country A total of 4,369 Western Daur were counted in the 1982 Chinese census. They live in the Gurbansher Daur Commune near the city of Tacheng, in the Ili Prefecture of northwest Xinjiang. The region has long been a crossroads for many peoples. In 1936 it was described as "a riot of color… whose community is an amazing mixture of tongues. Here in the winter, old-style Russians in gay troikas race to and fro from all-night parties; solemn processions of Mongol lamas parade through the streets on horse-back, and long-robed Chinese and Turki merchants shout and gesticulate in the crowded market places."

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin (Unknown) Daur (Unknown) Uyghur (Unknown)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin Daur
Uyghur
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Daur
Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
5.00%
Christianity
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
90.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
5.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Photo Source: Paul Noll
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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