Chuanqing in China

Joshua Project has identified the Chuanqing only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Chuanqing view themselves as a distinct people group. Although they speak a Chinese language and historically belong to the Han race, the government has placed them in a list of Undetermined Minorities in China. In the 1950s their application for full status as a minority group was rejected. The decision was that the Chuanqing were "originally members of the Han nationality," and that their characteristics were "manifestations of the special features of Han in certain regions in an earlier period, not the characteristics of a separate nationality." This upset the Chuanqing, who applied again in the late 1970s. "Encouraged by the political thaw, many groups whose recognition as independent nationalities had been rejected in the fifties repetitioned for recognition; eighty groups totaling over 900,000 persons petitioned in the province of Guizhou alone, including the Chuanqing." Their application was again rejected.


The Chuanqing were formerly known by a variety of names including Pu Ren, meaning "garrison people". The Chuanqing (like the Chuanlan) are descended from Chinese soldiers who were sent into Guizhou in the eighth and ninth centuries to quell Miao rebellions. The Chuanqing came from Jiangxi Province and provided forced labor for the army. There were numerous armed clashes between the Chuanqing and Chuanlan. The Chuanqing "clung to their own dialect for generations. The women dressed differently, arranging their hair in three sections. They celebrated separate festivals and followed different marriage customs." Later, many Chuanqing were forced to serve as tenants under the Yi landowners.


Some of the customs and dress of the Chuanqing are reflected in the various names their neighbors call them. The Yi call them Sher-tu or Sherfeizu, meaning "whiteskinned Han" or "snakeeating Han." Other locals call the Chuanqing Da Jiao Ban (Big Foot) and Da Xiuzi (Big Sleeves)


The long history of the Chuanqing is supported by the presence of several ancient religious temples in the Anshun area, including the Wen Miao Confucian temple built in 1368, the Buddhist White Pagoda dating from the Ming Dynasty, and Tian Tai Shan Buddhist Temple built in 1616.


There are a number of churches in the Anshun area - mostly Catholic - which contain Chuanqing believers. Catholic missionaries were active in the area in the past, resulting in more than 150,000 Catholics spread throughout Guizhou today.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Video Links:
The Path to Truth and Life
People Name General Chuanqing (Chooan-ching)
People Name in Country Chuanqing
Population in China 984,000
World Population 984,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chuanchun, Chuangqing, Da Jiao Ban, Da Xiuzi, Da Ziuzi, Fang Teo Ren, Lao Han, Old Han, Pu, Pu Ren, Sher-feizu, Shertu, Sher-tu, Tun, Tunbao
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Chuanqing (Chooan-ching)
Ethnic Code MSY42a
People ID 18431
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Most are concentrated in Zhijin and Nayong counties, with others in Dafang, Shuicheng, Guanling, Qingzhen, Puding and Luzhi counties..   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.

Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Mandarin (984,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin 984,000
For Primary Language: Chinese, Mandarin

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1864-1986)
New Testament Yes   (1857-1981)
Complete Bible Yes   (1874-1983)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Gateway Scripture Text / Printed Matter
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版) Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Cartoon Gospel tract Text / Printed Matter
Chinese Blog about Unreached Peoples General
Christ for the Nations Audio Recordings
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
General Ministry Resources Film / Video
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Religion Subdivision: Mahayana

Major Religion Percent
55.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.60 %)
3.30 %
Ethnic Religions
31.70 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
10.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
45.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
55.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Video Source: Create International
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

Copyright © 2015 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.