Chuanqing in China

Joshua Project has identified the Chuanqing only in China

Population

979,000

Christian

3.3%

Evangelical

1.6%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Chuanqing view themselves as a distinct people group. Although they speak a Chinese language and historically belong to the Han race, the government has placed them in a list of Undetermined Minorities in China. In the 1950s their application for full status as a minority group was rejected. The decision was that the Chuanqing were "originally members of the Han nationality," and that their characteristics were "manifestations of the special features of Han in certain regions in an earlier period, not the characteristics of a separate nationality." This upset the Chuanqing, who applied again in the late 1970s. "Encouraged by the political thaw, many groups whose recognition as independent nationalities had been rejected in the fifties repetitioned for recognition; eighty groups totaling over 900,000 persons petitioned in the province of Guizhou alone, including the Chuanqing." Their application was again rejected.


History

The Chuanqing were formerly known by a variety of names including Pu Ren, meaning "garrison people". The Chuanqing (like the Chuanlan) are descended from Chinese soldiers who were sent into Guizhou in the eighth and ninth centuries to quell Miao rebellions. The Chuanqing came from Jiangxi Province and provided forced labor for the army. There were numerous armed clashes between the Chuanqing and Chuanlan. The Chuanqing "clung to their own dialect for generations. The women dressed differently, arranging their hair in three sections. They celebrated separate festivals and followed different marriage customs." Later, many Chuanqing were forced to serve as tenants under the Yi landowners.


Customs

Some of the customs and dress of the Chuanqing are reflected in the various names their neighbors call them. The Yi call them Sher-tu or Sherfeizu, meaning "whiteskinned Han" or "snakeeating Han." Other locals call the Chuanqing Da Jiao Ban (Big Foot) and Da Xiuzi (Big Sleeves)


Religion

The long history of the Chuanqing is supported by the presence of several ancient religious temples in the Anshun area, including the Wen Miao Confucian temple built in 1368, the Buddhist White Pagoda dating from the Ming Dynasty, and Tian Tai Shan Buddhist Temple built in 1616.


Christianity

There are a number of churches in the Anshun area - mostly Catholic - which contain Chuanqing believers. Catholic missionaries were active in the area in the past, resulting in more than 150,000 Catholics spread throughout Guizhou today.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Chuanqing
People Name in Country Chuanqing
Population in China 979,000
Progress Scale 1.2
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chuanchun, Chuangqing, Da Jiao Ban, Da Xiuzi, Da Ziuzi, Fang Teo Ren, Lao Han, Old Han, Pu, Pu Ren, Sher-feizu, Shertu, Sher-tu, Tun, Tunbao
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Chuanqing
Ethnic Code MSY42a
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country Most are concentrated in Zhijin and Nayong counties, with others in Dafang, Shuicheng, Guanling, Qingzhen, Puding and Luzhi counties.

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin 979,000
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Mandarin 979,000
Largest Religion Buddhism
Buddhism
55.00%
Christianity
3.3%    ( Evangelical  1.6% )
Ethnic Religions
31.70%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
10.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
45.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
0.00%
Roman Catholic
55.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway © Copyrighted Used with permission
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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