Budo in China

Joshua Project has identified the Budo only in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Budo are one of 18 distinct subgroups of the Hani nationality profiled in this book. Although there is some measure of linguistic intelligibility between the different Hani groups in the region, each tribe maintains its own ethnicity. Most of the inhabitants of the Honghe-Yuxi area can readily reel off the list of Hani subgroups who live there. Although they acknowledge cultural differences and peculiarities, the Budo are not upset at their inclusion as part of the Hani nationality. They do acknowledge historical kinship with the other groups included in the artificially constructed official classification.


Budo youth find the Han Chinese culture attractive, and few of their customs are being retained. One custom that has survived is the Budo's way of settling an engagement. "The parents of both the girl and boy ... walk some distance together, and so long as they meet no animals the engagement can go ahead."


Most Budo live in simple houses made of plaster or baked mud. Their small, crowded villages usually consist of between 30 and 60 households. Most Budo men are rice farmers who have skillfully built their terraces on mountain and hill slopes on the Ailao Range.


The majority of Budo today are animists, although there are also a significant number of Christians among them. Many Budo were converted to Christianity by missionaries in the 1930s. H. A. Baker, a Pentecostal missionary who worked in the area in the 1930s and 1940s, wrote, "In another Budo settlement there are a hundred or more real Christians who have long been faithful after several years of severe siftings and persecution. This congregation is made up mostly of young men and women who by their spiritually healthy and live, wide-awake testimony have impressed the Chinese living in surrounding sections. Now former persecution has turned into considerable admiration."


Danish Assemblies of God missionaries Axel and Christine Jensen were married in Yunnan in 1928. Jensen - also known as Yan Chung Ren - started work near Mojiang among a host of different tribes including the Nisu, Kado, Biyo, and Budo. The work gained many converts during the 1930s and 1940s. Today there are at least 2,000 believers among the Budo, and all but the most geographically remote have been evangelized and are aware of the gospel. Most Budo Christians today meet in Chinese-language congregations.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Budo (Boo-doe)
People Name in Country Budo
Population in China 14,000
World Population 14,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Bu Dou, Budu, Buko, Butu, Pudu, Puto, Putu
Affinity Bloc Tibetan-Himalayan Peoples
People Cluster Hani
People Name General Budo (Boo-doe)
Ethnic Code MSY50i
People ID 18422
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country More than 10,000 Budo tribesmen live in the Ailao Mountains, in the Honghe and Yuxi prefectures of southern Yunnan Province. Another source states that the Budo live near the Biyo and Kado people groups. The main areas for the Budo are Mojiang and Yuanjiang counties, while another source also places them in Xinping County farther to the north..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Biyo (13,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Biyo 13,000

For Main Lanugage: Biyo

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 18.90 %)
19.00 %
Ethnic Religions
78.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
3.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
100.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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