Shom Pens in India

Joshua Project has identified the Shom Pens only in India






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Shompen or Shom Pens people are a Scheduled Tribe living in Greater Nicobar Island of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands belonging to India. They were contacted first of all by a Danish admiral in 1846.

The Shompen call each other Buavela. They are hunters and they wear clothing only from the waist down but with no shoes. Bows and arrows are their weapons. They have spears and different tools. The Shompen hunt and eat pigs, birds and smaller animals. They eat fruit and gather and eat forest products.

The Shompen live in huts on stilts with mats inside and they have room for about four people. Cooking is done outside and not in their homes. Little is known about their language and there may be two of them that they speak that may be isolated languages. They mainly survived the 2004 tsunami because of them living in the interior of the island and being isolated.

The Shompen population has decreased and could be close to being extinct. Contact with people not in their group has contributed to this. They are partly nomadic. There are two groups of them, one being called Mawa. They are shy but are getting used to mixing with others. They also eat fish and honey. In 2014, the Shompen voted for the first time.

The partly nomadic lifestyle of the Shompen may cause a problem for the gospel message being given but not as much as is the case with some nomads as they would not be travelling in as big a region as many nomads do.

Prayer Points

* Pray that the gospel message will be given in love to the Shompen leading them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that God will give guidance on how to get rid of the language barriers when the gospel message is given to them.
* Pray that the Shompen will not become extinct.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Shom Pens
People Name in Country Shom Pens
Population in India 400
World Population 400
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Buaveia, Kalay, Keyet, Shamhap, Shom Peng, Shompe
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mon-Khmer
People Name General Shom Pens
Ethnic Code AUG03a
People ID 18093
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 21  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Nicobar Islands..   Source:
Total States on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Andaman and Nicobar (400)
Total States on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Andaman and Nicobar (400)

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  2  (up to 20 largest shown)
Shom Peng (400) Nicobarese, Car
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Shom Peng 400 Nicobarese, Car 10
For Primary Language: Shom Peng

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Translation Need Questionable
Resource Format
None reported  
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
4.76 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
50.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
45.24 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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