Javanese in East Timor

Population

18,100

Christian

8%

Evangelical

5%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Southeast Asia Link - SEALINK


Introduction / History

The Orang Jawa ('people of Java', also known as 'Javanese') migrated from Central Java, Indonesia, to Malaysia from 1880 to 1930. They migrated to seek a new life away from the Dutch colonists who ruled Indonesia at that time. Today the Orang Jawa live throughout Peninsular Malaysia in parts of Perak, Selangor, and Kedah. There are also isolated communities in coastal areas of Sabah. Some Jawa have even gained influential positions in society. The Chief Minister of Selangor traces his roots back to Orang Jawa ancestors.

The Jawa language is being spoken less and less among today's younger Orang Jawa. Most of them have either never learned it or cannot remember how to speak it.


What are Their Lives Like?

Recent generations of Orang Jawa who live in cities have assimilated with the general Malay culture. In the past their parents were farmers, construction workers and timber workers. Now they also work as bankers, pilots, engineers, accountants, and politicians. They are known to be efficient and industrious. Some Orang Jawa in Selangor work as Islamic religious teachers.

In some villages, the Orang Jawa maintain their identity and traditions. People from other Malay people groups who marry into an Orang Jawa family sometimes call themselves Orang Jawa, or Jawa Peranakan. Apart from growing their own vegetables and raising poultry, some villagers have also started their own tourism programs to promote the Javanese way of life.

The Orang Jawa are a very hospitable people, usually inviting visitors to share a meal with the family. Families are often quite large, some having between 10 and 17 children. Marriages are grand affairs that sometimes last up to three days. The giving of love gifts to the newlyweds is common. Emphasis is placed on helping one another during weddings rather than receiving large sums of money. As the Orang Jawa have become more successful in life, their desire to recover their cultural Javanese roots has grown.


What are Their Beliefs?

The Orang Jawa are predominantly Sunni Muslims. During weddings and circumcision rituals they perform the jedur (songs of praise to the prophet Mohammed) which is compiled in a book called Silawatan. They also perform the kempling (a type of dance giving praise to Allah) during religious occasions.

During the performance, they use a tool made from lamb's wool and wood. The Qur'an is read before and after the dance, and it takes a group of between ten to twenty people to perform it. The kempling performance is an opportunity for the Orang Jawa to get together to build ethnic solidarity and unity. It is also a time for discussing the challenges faced by the villages.


What are Their Needs?

The Orang Jawa have a strong Islamic background. Pray that communication bridges into their culture could be used to meet the spiritual needs. Pray that the lives of committed believers will be a positive influence and could bring about good relationships with Orang Jawa people.




Profile Source: Southeast Asia Link - SEALINK Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission
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Country East Timor
Continent Asia
Region Southeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country

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People Name General Javanese
People Name in Country Javanese
ROP3 Code 112316
Joshua Project People ID 17000
Indigenous Yes
Population in East Timor 18,100
Least-Reached No
Alternate Names for People Group Jawa, Orang Jawa,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Javanese 18,000
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Affinity Bloc Malay Peoples
People Cluster Java
People Name General Javanese
Ethnic Code MSY44g
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Largest Religion Islam
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
8%    ( Evangelical  5% )
Ethnic Religions
12.00%
Hinduism
10.00%
Islam
70.00%
Non-Religious
0.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
10.00%
Protestant
60.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
10.00%
Roman Catholic
20.00%
Photo Source: Nir Nussbaum Creative Commons: Yes
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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