Cree, Western in Canada





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Plains Cree are one of the larger First Nations people groups in North America. They live throughout the prairies of Western Canada in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan with a few in the U.S. in Montana. Some also live in the boreal forests of Alberta. Their communities are scattered throughout the area in a loose network of reserves and nonreserve settlements, as well as in larger towns and urban centers.

Most of the Plains Cree are professing Christians belonging to a variety of denominations, though predominantly Catholic, Anglican, or Pentecostal. However, traditional spiritual beliefs and practices remain strong, even among Christians. Many see Christianity as dealing with the afterlife, whereas traditional ways deal with the issues and problems of daily life.

Faced with such challenges as high levels of poverty and unemployment, the Plains Cree have made some gains in raising their economic status. Cree language instruction has been established in some schools and colleges, and efforts to encourage higher education among young people have raised the level of education in recent decades. However, in spite of these gains, Plains Cree continue to lag far behind the majority of Canadians in economic status. High rates of alcoholism and suicide and the breakdown of traditional cultural values have weakened family ties and the underlying cultural fabric. A revived sense of cultural identity is evident in the resurgence of cultural ceremonies such as the Sun Dance, as well as the revival of traditional religion, and a small but growing corpus of language materials and published texts.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Cree, Western
People Name in Country Cree, Western
Population in Canada 73,000
World Population 105,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Western Cree
Country Canada
Region North America and Caribbean
Continent North America
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country North central Manitoba west across Saskatchewan and central Alberta to the foot of Rocky Mountains.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Cree, Plains: Cree, Western (73,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Cree, Plains: Cree, Western 73,000
For Primary Language: Cree, Plains

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1847-1992)
New Testament Yes   (1859-1999)
Complete Bible Yes   (1861-1908)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Fathers Love Letter Audio Recordings
Four Spiritual Laws General
Jesus Film: view in Cree, Plains Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
World Missionary Press Booklets Text / Printed Matter
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Roman Catholic

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 10.00 %)
97.00 %
Ethnic Religions
3.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
3.0 %
5.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
7.0 %
5.0 %
Roman Catholic
80.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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