Shughni in Afghanistan






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Shughni are of the Tajik people cluster. They are found on both sides of the Tajikistan and Afghanistan border, mostly in the Pamir mountains 30 miles north of Ishkashim. Badakshan Province and Kabul has the largest populations of these people in Afghanistan.

What Are Their Lives Like?

They are also known as Kushani, Shugnan-Rush, or the Shugnan Rushan. Their primary language is Shughni.

The Shunghnis were mentioned in Chinese chronicles from the sixth and seventh centuries. According to these, they always kept the trade route through Shughnan under their control. Stories speak of the Shughnis being savage and warlike people who used to raid caravans. In some places, these legends are still passed on.

In Afghanistan, the Shughni carry on a traditional way of life. Some are nomadic. Many are shepherds, however some make a living by the crafts of woodworking, weaving, pottery, blacksmithing, and basket making. They live in villages and support one another during difficult times. Houses are often built on hill slopes, near water. Women often are responsible for the home, as well as some farming. Males are responsible for herding.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Shughni are Shia Muslims. There are Christian audio recordings available in their language.

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-11-11
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-11-10
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-11-01
People Name General Shughni
People Name in Country Shughni
Population in Afghanistan 39,000
World Population 158,000
Countries 2
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Kushani, Pamiri, Shugnan-Rushan
Affinity Bloc Persian-Median
People Cluster Tajik
People Name General Shughni
Ethnic Code CNT24z
People ID 14921
Country Afghanistan
Region Central Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Both sides of Afghan-Tajikistan border, 50 kms. north of Ishkashim, Pamir Mountains.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Shughni (39,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Shughni 39,000
For Primary Language: Shughni

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (2001)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Subdivision: Shia

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
100.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Map Source: Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source: The World Missions Atlas Project 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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