Gypsy, Ruska Roma in Russia

Joshua Project has identified the Gypsy, Ruska Roma only in Russia







Largest Religion

Main Language


Profile Source: Anonymous

Introduction / History

"Gypsy" is the general English term used to describe this large, ethno-linguistic group; however, in their homeland of India they were originally called Dom, meaning man. Later, Dom developed into Rom. Today, Gypsies prefer to be called Romany (plural "Romanies") in Europe; but in the Middle East and North Africa, many still refer to themselves as 'Dom' or 'Domi'.

Where are they Located?

Originally coming from India, the Gypsies are now scattered throughout the world. This is largely due to the closed communities they maintain. There are many fascinating folk tales about their origins that are still passed down from generation to generation.

What are Their Lives Like?

Their lifestyles vary widely. There are those who maintain a peripatetic (nomadic) lifestyle. They offer their services as entertainers, musicians, or metal workers to other nomadic groups. Also included in the nomadic lifestyle are those Dom who are migrant workers.

Gypsies in Sudja live in close proximity to each other. The housing conditions range from primitive to average compared to other Russians.

It's typical to see extended families living together. Because of the close living conditions, it may be that these conditions would be quite favorable to the development of home / cell churches based on the model of self-replicating home churches used in China and India.

What are Their Beliefs?

Beliefs among the Gypsies in Sudja are similar to those found throughout Russia. Most of these Gypsies are non-believers and do not adhere to any established major religion. Many others have some forms of animism and shamanism. Some Gypsies are Muslim.

What are Their Needs?

In almost all of the countries they live in, their rudimentary command of the local language and limited use of written documents have contributed to their political powerlessness. Some who have settled are in transition, as they seek to become a part of the social systems around them. In an effort to fit in, they may abandon the traditional clothing, tattooing, dancing and fortune telling that are part of the Gypsy lifestyle. They may even deny their ethnic identity.

Life for this Gypsy group is very difficult. The Russian government will not issue Gypsies passports, so they essentially are unable to leave the country in a legally permissible manner. They view themselves essentially as refugees. Discrimination is rampant. It is very difficult for any Gypsies to find employment. The crime rate among these Gypsies is very high. Male leadership is frequently missing, for various reasons (e.g., many are in prison). Grandmothers appear to play a prominent role in family leadership. There is evidence of at least some malnutrition, as children are underweight and/or shorter than their average counterparts in western nations. Illness comes frequently to these Gypsies, and often last longer than it would in other more developed areas.

Regardless of their efforts to assimilate into the mainstream society, Gypsies rarely have official status or citizenship in their country of residence. Due to their poverty, they are often unable to pay hospital fees when children are born. In this case, no birth certificate is issued, so the possibility of securing citizenship is forfeited. The concept of owning land is not inherent to the nomadic Gypsy worldview, and they find it difficult to adjust to such an outlook. Few families own the plots of land on which they locate their settlements or camps. Therefore, they are often subjected to forced relocation.

Prayer Points

* Pray for churches to be planted among them.
* Pray that new believers will be discipled.
* Pray for improvement in their nutrition, medical care and education
* Pray for entrepreneurs who will cater to the Gypsy ethnic community.

Profile Source: Anonymous
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Country Russia
Continent Asia
Region Eastern Europe and Eurasia
10/40 Window No
Location in Country
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People Name General Gypsy, Ruska Roma
People Name in Country Gypsy, Ruska Roma
ROP3 Code 108453
Joshua Project People ID 14599
Indigenous Yes
Population in Russia 207,000
Least-Reached No
Alternate Names for People Group Ruska Roma, Russian Gypsy, Russianized Gypsy,
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Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Russian 207,459
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Affinity Bloc Eurasian Peoples
People Cluster Romany
People Name General Gypsy, Ruska Roma
Ethnic Code CNN25f
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Largest Religion Christianity
60%    ( Evangelical  2.0% )
Ethnic Religions
Other / Small
Christian Segments
Other Christian
Roman Catholic
Photo Source: Anonymous
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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