Gypsy, Ruska Roma in Russia

Joshua Project has identified the Gypsy, Ruska Roma only in Russia





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

"Gypsy" is the general English term used to describe this large, ethno-linguistic group; however, in their homeland of India they were originally called Dom, meaning man. Later, Dom developed into Rom. Today, Gypsies prefer to be called Romany (plural "Romanies") in Europe; but in the Middle East and North Africa, many still refer to themselves as 'Dom' or 'Domi'.

Where Are they Located?

Originally coming from India, the Gypsies are now scattered throughout the world. This is largely due to the closed communities they maintain. There are many fascinating folk tales about their origins that are still passed down from generation to generation.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Their lifestyles vary widely. There are those who maintain a peripatetic (nomadic) lifestyle. They offer their services as entertainers, musicians, or metal workers to other nomadic groups. Also included in the nomadic lifestyle are those Dom who are migrant workers.

Gypsies in Sudja live in close proximity to each other. The housing conditions range from primitive to average compared to other Russians.

It's typical to see extended families living together. Because of the close living conditions, it may be that these conditions would be quite favorable to the development of home / cell churches based on the model of self-replicating home churches used in China and India.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Beliefs among the Gypsies in Sudja are similar to those found throughout Russia. Most of these Gypsies are non-believers and do not adhere to any established major religion. Many others have some forms of animism and shamanism. Some Gypsies are Muslim.

What Are Their Needs?

In almost all of the countries they live in, their rudimentary command of the local language and limited use of written documents have contributed to their political powerlessness. Some who have settled are in transition, as they seek to become a part of the social systems around them. In an effort to fit in, they may abandon the traditional clothing, tattooing, dancing and fortune telling that are part of the Gypsy lifestyle. They may even deny their ethnic identity.

Life for this Gypsy group is very difficult. The Russian government will not issue Gypsies passports, so they essentially are unable to leave the country in a legally permissible manner. They view themselves essentially as refugees. Discrimination is rampant. It is very difficult for any Gypsies to find employment. The crime rate among these Gypsies is very high. Male leadership is frequently missing, for various reasons (e.g., many are in prison). Grandmothers appear to play a prominent role in family leadership. There is evidence of at least some malnutrition, as children are underweight and/or shorter than their average counterparts in western nations. Illness comes frequently to these Gypsies, and often last longer than it would in other more developed areas.

Regardless of their efforts to assimilate into the mainstream society, Gypsies rarely have official status or citizenship in their country of residence. Due to their poverty, they are often unable to pay hospital fees when children are born. In this case, no birth certificate is issued, so the possibility of securing citizenship is forfeited. The concept of owning land is not inherent to the nomadic Gypsy worldview, and they find it difficult to adjust to such an outlook. Few families own the plots of land on which they locate their settlements or camps. Therefore, they are often subjected to forced relocation.

Prayer Points

* Pray for churches to be planted among them.
* Pray that new believers will be discipled.
* Pray for improvement in their nutrition, medical care and education
* Pray for entrepreneurs who will cater to the Gypsy ethnic community.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Gypsy, Ruska Roma
People Name in Country Gypsy, Ruska Roma
Population in Russia 201,000
World Population 201,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Ruska Roma, Russian Gypsy, Russianized Gypsy
Affinity Bloc Eurasian Peoples
People Cluster Romany
People Name General Gypsy, Ruska Roma
Ethnic Code CNN25f
People ID 14599

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Russian (201,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Russian 201,000
For Primary Language: Russian

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1815-1993)
New Testament Yes   (1821-1991)
Complete Bible Yes   (1680-2011)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible Gateway Scripture Text / Printed Matter
Bible Visuals General
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Biblica's Russian Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Synodal Bible Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Synodal Bible (Protestant Version) Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Новый Завет: Современный перевод Text / Printed Matter
Bibles, Bible League Text / Printed Matter
Cartoon Gospel tract Text / Printed Matter
Christ for the Nations Text / Printed Matter
EasyBibles Text / Printed Matter
Fathers Love Letter Film / Video
Four Spiritual Laws General
General Ministry Resources General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Got Questions Ministry General
International Bible Society Text / Printed Matter
Jesus Film: view in Russian Film / Video
Magdalena (Jesus Film Project) Film / Video
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Orthodox

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 2.00 %)
60.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
40.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
60.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
20.0 %
Roman Catholic
20.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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