Rufiji, Ruihi in Tanzania

Joshua Project has identified the Rufiji only in Tanzania





Largest Religion

Main Language


Rufiji People Video

Source:  LinkUp Africa      Download
Introduction / History

The Rufiji people group live along the banks of the Rufiji River in Tanzania. Their homeland is largely rural but the heaviest population is clustered around a number of towns on the Dar es Salaam – Lindi main road.

The majority of the Rufiji are subsistence farmers. Many have farms some distance from their family homes in order to take advantage of occasionally flooded alluvial soils. This creates family separation for up to four months as the crops are sown and harvested. The primary crops grown are cassava, maize, rice, millet, sesame, coconut and cashew nuts.

Mangoes, oranges, pineapples, papaya and jackfruit are a major part of their diet. Some individuals are involved in fishing with others making and selling furniture while several are engaged in small-scale commercial ventures.

Each village has at least one primary school with standard grades 1 to 7. Regional secondary schools are available with a post-primary polytechnic school located in Ikwirri. Health services are provided at clinics located within 3 to 5 miles of the majroity of the people.

The Rufiji houses are simple. Some are constructed with walls made from mud and wooden poles and thatched or corrugated roofs. Others, primarily in towns, are conventional homes built with concrete blocks. In the fertile and often flooded valleys along the Rufiji, traditional shelters on stilts are built to deal with the floodwaters.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The villagers are exclusively Islamic with their lives revolving around the mosque and imam. Sometimes the imam will also serve as the elected village chairman. However, teachers in the primary schools and the dispensaries' staff are primarily non-Rufiji with several Christians among them.

The towns on the main road have several churches, but most of their members are outsiders from other parts of Tanzania.

Prayer Points

* Ask the Lord to lay a burden on the hearts of individuals, local churches, national church organizations and mission groups for the off-the-main-road Muslim Rufiji. May this recognition of spiritual need result in on-site research for the purpose of developing relational bridges and identifying felt needs through which the gospel can be presented.
* Believe the Lord to touch the hearts of Christian school teachers, dispensary workers and government personnel living among the Rufiji to recognize that they are strategically placed by God to be cross cultural missionaries. May they catch a vision of demonstrating the love of God and providing a living witness to those among whom they live. May their efforts result in conversions, discipleship and house churches.

Profile Source:   Link Up Africa 

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-01-17
People Name General Rufiji
People Name in Country Rufiji, Ruihi
Population in Tanzania 441,000
World Population 441,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 2.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Fiji, Rufiji-Ndengereko, Ruihi
Affinity Bloc Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster Bantu, Central-Tanzania
People Name General Rufiji
Ethnic Code NAB57o
People ID 14588
Country Tanzania
Region East and Southern Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
Persecution Rank 33  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Pwani region, Rufiji District, central coast, south of Ndengereko [ndg], north of Matumbi [mgw].   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Enthologue Language Map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Rufiji (441,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Rufiji 441,000
For Primary Language: Rufiji

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Translation Need Questionable
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Islam

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.50 %)
9.00 %
Ethnic Religions
1.00 %
0.00 %
90.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
15.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
20.0 %
Roman Catholic
65.0 %
Photo Source: Link Up Africa  
Video Source: LinkUp Africa
Profile Source: Link Up Africa 
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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