Nunu in China

Joshua Project has identified the Nunu only in China






Largest Religion

Main Language



In most other countries, the Nunu would be classified as a distinct minority group in their own right. In China, however, they have been tucked away as part of the Bunu who, in turn, have been included under the official Yao nationality. Because of this classification, few people have ever heard of the Nunu even though they possess their own culture, history, language, and ethnicity.


Nunu history is shrouded in stories of past migrations and armed conflict with other people groups. Because of pressure from the Han and the Zhuang, the Nunu were driven from their land and forced into the remote mountains where the soil is poor and living conditions extremely harsh. In some places the Nunu must walk long distances to collect water from the nearest source.


Because of the poor soil and rocky ground, the Nunu have become accustomed to survive however they are able. Nunu men have traditionally been great hunters, but today their yields are limited to wild pigs and small game. In the past the region was home to many tigers, deer, and bears. Nunu women are experts at foraging in the forests for food supplements such as edible mushrooms and vegetables. In times of great hunger the Nunu have eaten roots and the bark from trees which they boil into a sticky substance.


Pan Hu is worshiped by the Nunu. At the great Pan Hu Festival, held on the 16th day of every tenth lunar month, thousands of people come together in a demonstration of devotion to Pan Hu that borders on demonic possession. The Nunu also worship their ancestors.


The Nunu are trapped in complete spiritual darkness. The Nunu are a childlike people. Early missionaries commented on the meekness of character possessed by China's minorities. Paul Vial, who worked among a group in Yunnan, wrote, "The [minority person] is born timid but not fearful; he shuns strangers as if they were bringing the plague. ... He is not afraid, but he is not daring. In front of a Chinese, he is as a dog before a tiger. ... He is like a large child who follows you, but who never precedes you."

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer Links
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-08-22
People Name General Nunu (Noo-noo)
People Name in Country Nunu
Population in China 62,000
World Population 62,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Beilong Yao
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Yao-Mien
People Name General Nunu (Noo-noo)
Ethnic Code MSY47b
People ID 14068
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Numbering 31,928 speakers at the time of the 1982 Chinese language census, the Nunu people of Guangxi increased to more than 48,000 by the end of the twentieth century. They are one of 11 distinct Bunu subgroups, each speaking a different language. The Bunu totaled 439,000 people in 1982. Nunu communites are located in the northwestern part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region: in Lingyun, Tianlin, Fengshan, and Donglan counties..   Source:  Operation China, 2000
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bunu, Bu-Nao: Nunu (62,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bunu, Bu-Nao: Nunu 62,000
For Primary Language: Bunu, Bu-Nao

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
95.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
5.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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