Nungu, Rindre in Nigeria

Joshua Project has identified the Nungu only in Nigeria





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Rindre people are among the large ethnic groups found around the North Central region of Nigeria. They number a little more than a million spread in different parts of Country and in the Diaspora. Effort to get the recent population census proves abortive, their number continue to grow every day as they continue to intermarry. While some of them remain as Rindre in the new communities, others neutralize and change their identities in their new host communities after migration.

Oral traditions regarding the origin of the Rindre people are shrouded in a plethora of versions, each making a persuasive and convincing claim of authenticity. Whether some of them are fictive and pantomimic, they are most convincingly chronicled in Rindre songs, folktales, legends and proverbs.

The stories about the origin of Rindre people have been narrowed down to two probable sources. One version promotes the Kwararafa migration while the other champions the Kuti tradition. These two versions make equal claims but neither has either unequivocally been confirmed or outright discarded.

The first school of taught maintained that Kwararafa kingdom witnessed great depression, which led to the migration of some of its members to various parts of the world, Rindre inclusive. While the second school of taught based their argument on the archeological findings recently excavated in Wamba which was carbon dated to about 500 BC.

History has it that Wamba has been a British reserved area since the late 19th century; it was named a district in 1921 by the then Lord Lugard's administration.

The continued growth of population and the increasing socialization that took place among the Rindre people led to the spread of the Rindre from Wamba to various part of Nasarawa and Kaduna State of Nigeria.

Today, most Rindre people who migrated have continued to change their identity to enable them fit into their new environment. Some changed their names into Hausa, English, Arabic and Hebrew names, others bear names of neighboring tribes like the Eggon, Mada, and even some southern Kaduna language names, thereby reducing the population of the Rindre and adding such to other tribes.

Where Are they Located?

Rindre's settlements include: Awuma in Lafia LGA Nasarawa State, Agwan Nungu Lafia, Gidan Mai Akuya Lafia, Gaji – Akun Development Area, Fadama – Akun Development Area, Gudi – Agidi Development Area, Agamati – Kaduna, Gada Mai Rumpa – Kaduna, Jagindi – Kaduna, Dogon Daji – Kaduna, Wasa – Kaduna, Kogon – Kaduna, Farin Ruwa Waterfalls.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Rindre religion is animistic and numerous gods were worshipped just like the Yoruba and the Igbo in the south and east respectively. Rindre gods include:
1. Kutie, considered to be the biggest among all the gods. Only adults who have passed through the Shiuti are allowed to communicate to Kutie.
2. Mbuka, considered to be the god of harvest.
3. Lambu, considered to be the god of merriment, usually appearing during women's ceremonies.
4. Mbgasa, considered as the god of discipline, usually appears to create sanity in terms of discipline in the society.
5. Manga, the god of initiation, is responsible in recruiting the youth into adulthood.

Profile Source:   Kefas Tigga  

People Name General Nungu
People Name in Country Nungu, Rindre
Population in Nigeria 83,000
World Population 83,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Gudi, Rindre
Affinity Bloc Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster Benue
People Name General Nungu
Ethnic Code NAB56b
People ID 14067
Country Nigeria
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Plateau state, Akwanga LGA.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Nungu: Rindre (83,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Nungu: Rindre 83,000
For Primary Language: Nungu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 5.00 %)
34.00 %
Ethnic Religions
56.00 %
0.00 %
10.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
60.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
25.0 %
Roman Catholic
15.0 %
Photo Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Kefas Tigga  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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