Numao in China

Joshua Project has identified the Numao only in China

Population

2,260

Christian

0.00%

Evangelical

0.00%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Numao, despite their small size, are known by a variety of different names. Local Han Chinese people call them Heiku Yao, which means "black trouser Yao," after the Numao men's custom of wearing black trousers. One subgroup of the Numao are called the Beidongnuo. The Chinese have found that this small group speak the same language as the Numao. But the Beidongnuo are profiled separately in Operation China because they insist they are a different ethnic group. The Numao are one of eleven distinct tribes of the Bunu people, all of which have been officially included under the Yao nationality by the Chinese authorities.


History

Long before the start of the Christian era, it is generally believed, the numerous groups belonging to today's Miao, Yao, and She nationalities were part of the same great race. Chinese accounts place the ancestors of these people in northern China around 500 BC. Persecution forced them to migrate into southern China, especially into the regions that are today's Jiangxi and Hunan provinces. Further conflict forced these groups to splinter into dozens of smaller units who, after centuries of separation from other members of their original race, evolved into distinct ethnolinguistic groups.


Customs

Numao culture is similar to that of the Yao who live in the same part of China. They consider Pan Hu to be their progenitor and worship him at certain festivals throughout the year. All Numao are agriculturists, struggling to produce good crops from the poor soil where they live.


Religion

In addition to their worship of Pan Hu, the Numao revere and appease a hierarchy of spirits and deities - including the spirit of the soil - and demons, which they believe live inside the highest mountains in their region.


Christianity

Because of their small size, groups like the Numao tend to be overlooked by the Christian world. There has never been a known follower of Christ from among their tribe. God's Word has promised there will be redeemed representatives from all tribes, including the Numao, around his throne in heaven. Church planters need to view the Numao as an untouched group desperately in need of God, rather than ignore them because of their small numbers.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Numao
People Name in Country Numao
Population in China 2,260
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Black Trouser Yao, Heiku Yao, Nu-Mhou
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Yao-Mien
People Name General Numao
Ethnic Code MSY47b
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country The 1982 Chinese census listed a population of 1,147 Numao people living in the mountains of southern China. They are located in Libo County in southern Guizhou Province. The Chinese authorities later amended their Numao population to 1,391 after they included the 244 Beidongnuo people with the Numao.
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bunu, Bu-Nao (Unknown)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bunu, Bu-Nao
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
0.00%
Christianity
0.00%    ( Evangelical  0.00% )
Ethnic Religions
95.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
5.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway © Copyrighted Used with permission
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Get Involved
Register ministry activity for this group

Copyright © 2014 Joshua Project. A ministry of the U.S. Center for World Mission.