Mangkong in Laos

Joshua Project has identified the Mangkong only in Laos






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The 1995 census of Laos listed a population of more than 92,000 Mangkong people living in the three central provinces of Khammouan, Savannakhet and Borikhamxai. This figure may also include the So group. In Laos the So, Bru and Mangkong are often viewed as one people. Their cultures and languages are similar, but they each possess a separate ethnic identity. The So and Mangkong are also divided by living in different locations. The Mangkong are also located across the border in Vietnam, where they are part of the official Bru-Van Kieu minority group.

Although the original home of the Mangkong was in the mountains between Laos and Vietnam, many have moved to the lowlands during the last two generations and have mixed with the inhabitants there.

The Mangkong language is part of the Western Katuic branch of Mon-Khmer. Some linguists consider it merely a dialect of the Bru language. The Mangkong, So and Bru can all understand each other. According to a government survey, one-quarter of Mangkong are able to read, including only more than one-tenth of women. More than three-quarters of Mangkong people in Laos have never attended school at any level.

The majority of Mangkong are animists. For centuries they have lived in fear of evil spirits, who they make regular sacrifices to in attempts to placate them. Ancestors are also held in high regard. Incense is burnt and prayers are offered for the dead on certain occasions throughout the year.

There are approximately 2,000 Christians among the Mangkong in Laos, especially in Khammouan Province. OMF (Overseas Missionary Fellowship) and Mission Evangelique (Swiss Brethren) had missionaries working among the Mangkong in the 1950's and 1960's. They saw whole villages accept Christ, mostly the result of people being delivered from demonic oppression and supernatural healing of sickness. By the time all foreign missionaries were expelled from Laos in 1975, they had left behind a strong and evangelizing Mangkong church.

The Mangkong believers have endured great persecution and hardship from the Communist authorities in recent years, but most have stood firm in their Christian faith.

Prayer Points

* Thank God for the 2,000 Mangkong Christians in Laos. Pray they would zealously share the Gospel.
* Ask God to multiply the Mangkong church for His glory.
* Pray the Mangkong church would receive God's call to take the Gospel to the lost throughout Laos.

Profile Source:   Peoples of Laos, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Mangkong
People Name in Country Mangkong
Population in Laos 4,300
World Population 4,300
Countries 1
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Kah So, Makong, Mankong, Mankoong, So, So Makon
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Mon-Khmer
People Name General Mangkong
Ethnic Code AUG03z
People ID 13506
Country Laos
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Khammouan, Savannakhet, and Borikhamxai provinces.   Source:  Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
So (4,300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
So 4,300

For Main Lanugage: So

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1980-2004)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Format Resource
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Images of the Pacific Rim  
Map Source: Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source: Peoples of Laos, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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