Giay in Laos






Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

More than 5,000 Giay (pronounced 'Zay') live in 17 villages of northern Laos. There is a great deal of confusion regarding the existence of the Giay in Laos. Some sources do not list the Giay, while others list the Nung, who are a large group in northern Vietnam. The Nung are not in Laos. The confusion is probably due to the fact that the Giay are commonly called Nhang in Vietnam, where they number more than 40,000. The majority of Giay live in southern China, where approximately 300,000 make up one of the subgroups of China's massive Zhuang nationality. A few Giay are known to have migrated to France and southern California as refugees.

In northern Laos the Giay are scattered throughout three provinces. Nine Giay villages are located in Phongsali Province, six in Oudomxai and two in Luang Namtha Province. In many places the Giay live alongside the Lu, Tai Deng and Tai Dam. Because of contact with these groups many Giay also have some understanding of their languages.

The Giay have reportedly lived in Laos about 200 years. They migrated from China, fleeing into Southeast Asia to escape persecution and harassment.

Giay wives must obey their husbands, unmarried women must obey their fathers, and widows must obey their sons. Giay women prefer to give birth in a squatting position in a room where an altar has been erected to ensure the spirits oversee a favorable birth. The placenta is later buried beneath the woman's bed.

Each Giay village has a 'forbidden forest' where the biggest tree is considered sacred. Twice a year worship of the spirit of the village is celebrated at the foot of the tree. The Giay believe the universe is comprised of three separate levels. The upper level is the abode of spirits and the souls of the deceased. The middle strata contains humans, animals and this world, while the lowest level is situated under the earth.

Few Giay have heard that Jesus Christ died for them. They are trapped in superstition and fear of evil spirits. There are no strong Christian communities near the Giay in Laos.

Prayer Points

* Pray for a spiritual breakthrough to occur soon among the forgotten Giay people of Laos.
* Ask God to raise up intercessors and churches focused on the Giay.
* Pray the Holy Spirit would direct Christians in Laos to focus on the Giay and plant churches in their midst.

Profile Source:   Peoples of Laos, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Giay (Zay)
People Name in Country Giay
Population in Laos 7,300
World Population 406,000
Countries 3
Progress Scale 1.1
Least-Reached Yes
Unengaged Yes (per Finishing the Task)
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Chi Chu, Chungcha, Dang, Dioi, Giai, Giang, Giáy, Glay, Nhang, Nyang, Pau Thin, Pu Nam, Sa Nhan, Xa Chung Cha, Yai, Zay
Affinity Bloc Southeast Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bouyei
People Name General Giay (Zay)
Ethnic Code MSY49z
People ID 13385
Country Laos
Region Southeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 28  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Phongsali, Oudomxai, and Luang Namtha provinces. 17 villages..   Source:  Faces of the Unreached in Laos, 1999

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Bouyei (7,300)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Bouyei 7,300
For Primary Language: Bouyei

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Jesus Film: view in Bouyei Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
The Hope Video Film / Video
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
100.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Peoples of Laos, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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