Ham in Nigeria

Joshua Project has identified the Ham only in Nigeria





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Gurara River and several seasonal streams thread through the Nigerian valley where these Ham people live. Their language, called Hyam, is spoken in more than 100 villages and 27 districts.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The river supports their robust agricultural lifestyle. Ever since the British introduced ginger plants during colonial days, Hyam speakers have raised it as a cash crop. In addition, personal staples on their farms include rice, guinea corn, millet and cocoyam.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Hyam speakers, who are mostly Christians, generally live in peace, sharing their lands with several other groups. This includes some major language speakers who practice another religion.

Christianity came to the area in the early 1900s. Today, about 80 percent of Hyam speakers are believers, and they exhibit a strong faith. But until now, God's Word has not been available to them in a form that is easily understandable. It's only in English or Hausa, the regional language. Another problem, especially in the rural areas, many don't understand or use either language well

When the Hyam people understand God's Word, they will easily be able to apply it to their daily lives. They will better understand Christian assurance and realize that obedience is a result of salvation, rather than a condition for salvation. Young people will understand the biblical nature and consequences of immorality in God's eyes. More important, they'll recognize Christ's power to help them. Hyam Christians will also have the tools they need for effective outreach.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Ham
People Name in Country Ham
Population in Nigeria 166,000
World Population 166,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Hum, Jaba, Jabba, Sambam
Affinity Bloc Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster Benue
People Name General Ham
Ethnic Code NAB56b
People ID 12165
Country Nigeria
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Kaduna state, Kachia and Jema'a LGAs.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Hyam (166,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Hyam 166,000
For Primary Language: Hyam

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1921-1923)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Independent

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 75.00 %)
85.00 %
Ethnic Religions
15.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
15.0 %
60.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
25.0 %
Roman Catholic
0.0 %
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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