Dyan in Burkina Faso

Joshua Project has identified the Dyan only in Burkina Faso





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Dyan, who can be recognized by their facial scars, live in the area around the town of Diebougou, west of Ouagadougou in southern Burkina Faso. The area's fertile soil is good for the economy, since agricultural sales are the main source of income. Further income arises from French army pensions and from contributions by villagers who work outside the area. For example, many young people leave the village to earn more money in Cote d'Ivoire. Cauri shells are still a factor in their economic exchange, with 20 cauris equal in value to 5 francs CFA, the Burkinabe currency.

Some Dyan are multilingual in the languages of the surrounding ethnic groups. The trade language for southwestern Burkina Faso, Jula, has had some influence on Dyan. However, for the most part, the Dyan do not wish to learn their neighbor's languages. They keep to themselves, and prefer others to do the same. Many wish for a relative to be educated, since one person's advancement can have economic advantages for the whole family. However, because of economic constraints and few immediate results, most people receive rather poor schooling.

The social units of the community are the family, the clan and the village. Each of these units has its own head. The village chief is responsible for jurisdiction and for cultic matters concerning the village's spirit. Each village chooses a spirit to which it offers sacrifices. These spirits are considered to be the intermediaries between man and God and instruments of control and supervision. When problems arise, the causes are thought to be in the spiritual world, so people try to appease the spirits through sacrifices. A healer has a privileged role in this respect and is supposedly able to determine why a spirit is upset and what is needed for reconciliation.

There is a church among the Dyan, although it has grown very slowly. One pastor has been working among the people and trying to reach them for over twenty years.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Dyan
People Name in Country Dyan
Population in Burkina Faso 28,000
World Population 28,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.1
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Dian, Djan
Affinity Bloc Sub-Saharan Peoples
People Cluster Gur
People Name General Dyan
Ethnic Code NAB56a
People ID 11666
Country Burkina Faso
Region West and Central Africa
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Bougouriba Province, Dolo, near Di√©bougou.   Source:  Ethnologue 2010
Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
For Primary Language: Dyan

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 5.00 %)
10.00 %
Ethnic Religions
70.00 %
0.00 %
20.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
55.0 %
Roman Catholic
45.0 %
Map Source: Anonymous  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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