Drukai, Tsalisen in Taiwan

Joshua Project has identified the Drukai only in Taiwan





Largest Religion

Main Language


Introduction / History

The Rukai are an Austronesian minority of rural southern Taiwan. Traditionally, the Rukai were a hunting and farming society. Since the 1950s the Rukai have increasingly integrated into Taiwan society. Migration of Rukai to the cities of Taiwan mirrors the Taiwan business cycle. When there is an economic downturn, Rukai return to their homeland area to farm. Since Taiwan's admission to the WTO in 2002, farming is no longer a viable option.

The Rukai were first evangelized by Taiwanese pastors in the 1950s and 1960s. At present there are roughly 25 churches in Rukai villages and more than 80% of Rukai claim affiliation with a church. The Rukai New Testament translation began in 1988 under the auspices of the Bible Society of the ROC (Taiwan) and the Presbyterian Church in Taiwan. The New Testament was published in 2001 and is in use in 3 of the 6 Rukai dialect areas. The 3 dialects spoken in Maolin Township, Kaohsiung County are significantly divergent from the translation's target dialect for the translation. Maolin Township Rukai do not use the translated New Testament, but except for a few elderly individuals township residents are proficient enough in Mandarin to benefit from an existing Chinese translation of the Scriptures. It is likely that most Rukai outside of Maolin Township also possess sufficient proficiency in Mandarin to benefit from the Chinese Bible.

Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Drukai
People Name in Country Drukai, Tsalisen
Population in Taiwan 12,000
World Population 12,000
Countries 1
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Rukai, Rutkai, Tsalisen
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Taiwan Indigenous
People Name General Drukai
Ethnic Code AUG01a
People ID 11619
Country Taiwan
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country South central mountains, Ping Tung area, 11 villages; Taitung area, 2 or 3 villages; west of the Puyuma [pyu].   Source:  Ethnologue 2010

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Enthologue Language Map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
For Primary Language: Rukai

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes
New Testament Yes   (2001)
Complete Bible No
Resource Format
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Christianity
Religion Subdivision: Independent

Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 10.00 %)
78.00 %
Ethnic Religions
22.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
45.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
35.0 %
Roman Catholic
20.0 %
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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