Han Chinese, Min Nan in China





Largest Religion

Main Language



The Min Nan, or Southern Min, are the largest Min language group. During the 10th century, the northern part of the Kingdom of Min in Fujian split off to form the Kingdom of Yin. The line between the Min Nan and Min Bei languages today very closely follows the border between those two kingdoms.


The Sui Dynasty (AD 589-618) lasted only 29 years but paved the way for the institutions and laws used by following dynasties. The Tuoba Emperor Yang Jian was known as the Cultivated Emperor because of the land reforms undertaken during his reign. It is during his rule that the Grand Canal was constructed, an engineering feat of staggering proportions. Three disastrous military defeats in northern Korea, which cost massive amounts of money and lives, hastened the collapse of Sui rule.


For the Chinese, having guanxi "connections" is very important. Favors are given between willing parties and reciprocated in times of mutual need.


The Chinese have historically treated Christianity with suspicion. In 1724 Emperor Yungcheng told Jesuit missionaries, "You wish to make the Chinese Christians, and this is what your law demands, I know it very well. But what in that case would become of us? The subjects of your kings! The Christians whom you make recognize no authority but you; in times of trouble they listen to no other voice. I know well enough that there is nothing to fear at present; but when your ships shall be coming by thousands and tens of thousands, then, indeed, we may have some disturbances".


A large Christian community existed in Zaitun (now Quanzhou City) in the early 1300s. A Franciscan cathedral was constructed from gifts received from an Armenian woman living in the city. Bishop Andrew of Zaitun wrote in 1326, "We are able to preach freely and unmolested. Of idolaters a very large number are baptized, but having been baptized they do not walk straight in the path of Christianity." There are more than one million Min Nan believers in China today. In 1933 the Bible was translated into Min Nan. In 1986, 50,000 hymnals were printed, using the characteristic Amoy script, and distributed.

Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Han Chinese, Min Nan (Min-Nahn)
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Min Nan
Population in China 36,070,000
World Population 56,700,000
Countries 17
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Amoy, Chaozhou, Fukien, Fukienese, Hainanese, Hokkien, Hoklo, Holo, Min Nan, Shanghainese, Southern Min, Taiwanese, Teochew, Totok
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Min Nan (Min-Nahn)
Ethnic Code MSY42a
People ID 11344
Country China
Region Northeast Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 29  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country The Min Nan language - also called Hokkien - is spoken by approximately 30 million people along China's eastern and southern coasts. The majority of Min Nan speakers live in Fujian Province where they inhabit 53 cities and counties. Others are located in Guangdong, Hong Kong, Zhejiang, and Jiangxi..   Source:  Operation China, 2000

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Enthologue Language Map

Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects on file:  1  (up to 20 largest shown)
Chinese, Min Nan (36,070,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Min Nan 36,070,000
For Primary Language: Chinese, Min Nan

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1875-1916)
New Testament Yes   (1896-1974)
Complete Bible Yes   (1884-1933)
Audio Bible Online
Resource Format
Amoy Bible Audio Recordings
Audio Bible teaching (GRN) Audio Recordings
Bible-in-Your-Language Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shangti Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Chinese Union Version, Shen Edition, Simplified Text / Printed Matter
Bible: Revised Chinese Union Version, Traditional Text / Printed Matter
Bible: 新譯本(繁體字版) Text / Printed Matter
Four Spiritual Laws General
God's Story Video Film / Video
Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Nan Film / Video
My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime) Film / Video
Online New Testament (FCBH) Audio Recordings
Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project) Audio Recordings
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions

Major Religion Percent
20.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 8.80 %)
10.00 %
Ethnic Religions
40.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
30.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %

Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
91.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
2.0 %
0.0 %
Roman Catholic
7.0 %
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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