Han Chinese, Min Nan in China

Population

35,885,000

Christian

10.0%

Evangelical

8.8%

Largest Religion

Main Language

Progress


Profile Source: Copyright © Operation China, Paul Hattaway


Identity

The Min Nan, or Southern Min, are the largest Min language group. During the 10th century, the northern part of the Kingdom of Min in Fujian split off to form the Kingdom of Yin. The line between the Min Nan and Min Bei languages today very closely follows the border between those two kingdoms.


History

The Sui Dynasty (AD 589-618) lasted only 29 years but paved the way for the institutions and laws used by following dynasties. The Tuoba Emperor Yang Jian was known as the Cultivated Emperor because of the land reforms undertaken during his reign. It is during his rule that the Grand Canal was constructed, an engineering feat of staggering proportions. Three disastrous military defeats in northern Korea, which cost massive amounts of money and lives, hastened the collapse of Sui rule.


Customs

For the Chinese, having guanxi "connections" is very important. Favors are given between willing parties and reciprocated in times of mutual need.


Religion

The Chinese have historically treated Christianity with suspicion. In 1724 Emperor Yungcheng told Jesuit missionaries, "You wish to make the Chinese Christians, and this is what your law demands, I know it very well. But what in that case would become of us? The subjects of your kings! The Christians whom you make recognize no authority but you; in times of trouble they listen to no other voice. I know well enough that there is nothing to fear at present; but when your ships shall be coming by thousands and tens of thousands, then, indeed, we may have some disturbances".


Christianity

A large Christian community existed in Zaitun (now Quanzhou City) in the early 1300s. A Franciscan cathedral was constructed from gifts received from an Armenian woman living in the city. Bishop Andrew of Zaitun wrote in 1326, "We are able to preach freely and unmolested. Of idolaters a very large number are baptized, but having been baptized they do not walk straight in the path of Christianity." There are more than one million Min Nan believers in China today. In 1933 the Bible was translated into Min Nan. In 1986, 50,000 hymnals were printed, using the characteristic Amoy script, and distributed.



Profile Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway Copyrighted ©: Yes Used with permission

People Name General Han Chinese, Min Nan
People Name in Country Han Chinese, Min Nan
Population in China 35,885,000
Progress Scale 3.2
Least-Reached No
Indigenous Yes
Alternate Names Amoy, Chaozhou, Fukien, Fukienese, Hainanese, Hokkien, Hoklo, Holo, Min Nan, Shanghainese, Southern Min, Taiwanese, Teochew, Totok
Affinity Bloc East Asian Peoples
People Cluster Chinese
People Name General Han Chinese, Min Nan
Ethnic Code MSY42a
Country China
Continent Asia
Region Northeast Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Location in Country The Min Nan language - also called Hokkien - is spoken by approximately 30 million people along China's eastern and southern coasts. The majority of Min Nan speakers live in Fujian Province where they inhabit 53 cities and counties. Others are located in Guangdong, Hong Kong, Zhejiang, and Jiangxi.

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Ethnolinguistic map from University of Texas or other map

Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Min Nan (35,885,000)
Languages & Dialects (speakers if known) - up to 20 shown
Chinese, Min Nan 35,885,000
Category Resource
Audio Recordings Amoy Bible
Audio Recordings Global Recordings
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Chinese, Min Nan
General Four Spiritual Laws
Scripture Bible-in-Your-Language
Largest Religion Ethnic Religions
Buddhism
20.00%
Christianity
10%    ( Evangelical  9% )
Ethnic Religions
40.00%
Hinduism
0.00%
Islam
0.00%
Non-Religious
30.00%
Other / Small
0.00%
Unknown
0.00%
Christian Segments
Anglican
0.00%
Independent
91.00%
Protestant
0.00%
Orthodox
0.00%
Other Christian
2.00%
Roman Catholic
7.00%
Photo Source: Operation China, Paul Hattaway © Copyrighted Used with permission
Profile Source:
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
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